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Lady Henrietta Antonia Herbert, later Countess of Powis (1758-1830)

Sir Joshua Reynolds PRA (Plympton 1723 - London 1792)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1777

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

1403 x 1123 mm (55¼ x 44¼ in)

Place of origin

England

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Collection

Powis Castle and Garden, Powys (Accredited Museum)

NT 1181064

Caption

Lady Henrietta was the daughter of Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Powis. In 1784 she married Edward, 2nd Lord Clive of Plassey, who was later created Earl of Powis in 1804. It was through Lady Henrietta that the Powis estates passed to the Clive family. She travelled to India with her daughters in 1798 during her husband’s tenure of the Governorship of Madras and stayed there until 1801. During this time she toured the southern regions of the country and formed a collection of Indian curiosities which are now on display in the Clive Museum at Powis. The hat and lace scarf she is shown wearing here do not appear in the 1778 engraving after this work: these elements appear to have been added at a later date.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Lady Henrietta Herbert, later Countess of Powis (1758-1830) by Sir Joshua Reynolds PRA (Plympton 1723 - London 1792), 1777. A three-quarter-length portrait of the daughter of Henry Herbert, 1st Earl of Powis (2nd creation), and later wife of Edward Clive, 1st Earl of Powis (3rd creation), standing, wearing a satin drees, with her back to the right and her head turned outwards, in a landscape. Engraved by Valentine Green in 1778. The hair was modified and the hat added at a later date.

Provenance

Painted in 1777, before the sitter’s marriage to the 2nd Lord Clive, later 1st Earl of Powis; from whom, by descent, until 1963. Accepted by HM Treasury on 21st March, 1963 in lieu of tax and conveyed to National Trust ownership in 1992.

Credit line

Powis Castle, The Powis Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

Sir Joshua Reynolds PRA (Plympton 1723 - London 1792), artist

References

Pictures by Italian, Spanish, Flemish, Dutch, French, and Deceased English Masters (exh cat) British Institution, London, June 1844, no.138 The Second Special Exhibition of National Portraits, Commencing with the Reign of William and Mary and Ending with the Year MDCCC (Exh Cat) South Kensington Museum, London, 1 May - 31 August 1867, no.697 National Exhibition of Works of Art (exh cat) Leeds General Infirmary, Leeds, 19 May - 31 October 1868, no.1051 The Works of Sir Joshua Reynolds, P.R.A. with Historical Notes (exh cat) (Frederic George Stephens) Grosvenor Gallery, 31 December 1883 - 29 March 1884, no.50 Graves and Cronin 1899-1901 Algernon Graves and W.V.Cronin, A History of the Works of Sir Joshua Reynolds, 4 vols, London 1899-1901, II, p.460 Armstrong 1900 Sir Walter Armstrong, Sir Joshua Reynolds, First President of the Royal Academy, 1900, p.212 Exhibition of Works by the Old Masters and Deceased Masters of the British School (exh cat) Royal Academy, London, 5 January - 14 March 1903, no.30 Exposition de cent portraits de femmes des écoles anglaise et française du XVIIIe siècle (exh cat) Salle du Jeu de Paume, Paris, 23 April - 1 July 1909, no.37 Waterhouse 1941 Ellis K. Waterhouse, Reynolds, London, 1941, p.68 Steegman 1957 John Steegman, A Survey of Portraits in Welsh Houses, Vol.I: North Wales, Cardiff, 1957, no.60, pl.45B Works of Art from Private Collections in the North West of England and North Wales (exh cat) City Art Gallery, Manchester, 2 September - 30 October 1960, no.148 Mannings, 2000: David Mannings, Sir Joshua Reynolds: A Complete Catalogue of his Paintings. The Subject Pictures catalogued by Martin Postle, New Haven & London, 2000, pp.253-54, no.889 Chu 2018 John Chu, House of Portraits: Powis Castle, Swindon, 2018, pp.14-15

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