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State coach

Wyburn and Co.

Category

Carriages & other vehicles

Date

1800 - 1899

Materials

Painted wood body with silk upholstery and four iron shod wheels.

Measurements

230.5 x 426.5 x 186cm (7ft 6 1/2in x 14ft x 6ft 1 1/4in)

Place of origin

London

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Collection

Powis Castle and Garden, Powys (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Powis Castle and Garden, Powys, Wales, National Trust

NT 1181033

Caption

State coaches were built for the nobility to travel across town to formal occasions. They are highly finished with exceptional quality paintwork, hammer cloths on the coachman's seat and, very often, silver plated door handles. The interior would be upholstered in the best quality silks. These coaches were driven by a coachman with footmen to tend the horses standing on the back. State Coaches differ from State Chariots as they seat four people rather than two. This particular coach is painted in yellow, black and red which was one of the most popular coloiur combinations for State carriages of the nineteenth century. It has the family crest painted on the side panels.

Summary

State Coach built in the nineteenth century by Wyburn & Co of Oxford Street. State Coach (four wheels) for a pair or team of horses. The body of this coach is on a perch carriage with c springs and under springs. A hammer cloth covers the coachman's seat which is on a Salisbury boot. There is a footmen’s cushion and hind standards. Upholstered in yellow silk and painted in a livery of black, yellow and red with black and yellow lining. Family crest on the side panels.

Full description

State coaches were built for the nobility to travel across town to formal occasions. They are highly finished with exceptional quality paintwork, hammer cloths on the coachman's seat and, very often, silver plated door handles. The interior would be upholstered in the best quality silks. These coaches were driven by a coachman with footmen to tend the horses standing on the back. State Coaches differ from State Chariots as they seat four people rather than two. This particular coach is painted in yellow, black and red which was one of the most popular colour combinations for State carriages of the nineteenth century. It has the family crest painted on the side panels.

Provenance

Collection of chattels associated with the State Coach purchased from John George Herbert, 8th Earl of Powis in March 2001.

Marks and inscriptions

On nearside side panel.: Family crest On offside side panel.: Family Crest On the middle of the front nearside axle cap.: 479 On the middle of the front offside axle cap.: 479 On the middle of the rear nearside axle cap.: 479 On the middle of the frear offside axle cap.: 479 On front nearside axle cap.: WYBURN & CO OXFORD ST. W On front offside axle cap.: WYBURN & CO OXFORD ST. W On rear nearside axle cap.: WYBURN & CO OXFORD ST. W On rear offside axle cap.: WYBURN & CO OXFORD ST. W On the nearside lamp candle holder cap.: WYBURN & CO. LONDON On the offside lamp candle holder cap.: WYBURN & CO LONDON

Makers and roles

Wyburn and Co., coachbuilder

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