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Capriccio of a Mediterranean Seaport with British and Italian Buildings, the Mountains of Snowdonia, and a Self-portrait wielding a Broom (Plas Newydd Dining Room Mural)

Rex Whistler (Eltham 1905 - Normandy 1944)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1936 - 1937

Materials

Oil on canvas laid down on plaster

Measurements

3658 x 17678 mm (144 x 696 in)

Place of origin

Great Britain

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Collection

Plas Newydd, Anglesey (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Dining Room, Plas Newydd, Anglesey, Wales, National Trust

NT 1175991

Caption

Commissioned by Charles, 6th Marquess of Anglesey in 1936, much of the composition of this picture is purely imaginary, although there are some recognisable architectural features and personal references to the family. The young man sweeping up leaves at the end of the arcade is a self-portrait of the artist. This is the last of Rex Whistler’s extensive murals, before his death in action only a few years later. It is painted on a giant single canvas, woven in France, of 58 feet in length. The artist, a prominent stage designer, painted it in a theatre workshop in London, before it was taken to Plas Newydd on the Isle of Anglesey, Wales, in 1937 and completed there.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas laid down on plaster, Capriccio of a Mediterranean Seaport with British and Italian Buildings, the Mountains of Snowdonia, and a Self-portrait wielding a Broom (Plas Newydd Dining Room Mural) by Rex Whistler (Eltham 1905 - Normandy 1944), circa 1936-37. A romantic coastal scene with a capriccio view; an imaginary scene with many architectural and personal references, including St Martin-in-the-Fields, Trajan's Column, the Round Tower at Windsor; and family referencess, including bulldogs, a pug, spectacles and a cello.

Full description

In 1936 Lord Anglesey commissioned Rex Whistler to paint what was to be his last as well as the most extensive of his large murals, more unified and more accomplished than his work in the Tate (restaurant), or his drawing-room at Mottisfont in Hampshire (NT). Whistler's first conception for the main wall seems to have been entirely different from the completed work - a townscape with figures seen through a colonnade - but the maritime setting of Plas Newydd, and in particular the views from this room, must have formed in him the notion of reflecting the dramatic mountain landscape of Snowdonia in a vast capriccio, which would at the same time embrace architecture, ships and the sea. The bones of the composition were sketched on to the bare plaster of the long wall before the artist began work on the giant canvas, woven in France, in one piece 58 feet long, of whose arrival in London the artist wrote to his patron, caused 'great amazement & interest in canvas & jute circles!' As a prominent stage designer, Whistler was able to secure the use of a theatre workshop in Lambeth where the great canvas could be raised and lowered in relation to the platform from which he worked. When it was largely completed, in June 1937, it was taken down to Plas Newydd and, with the two smaller canvases on the end walls, glued to the plaster. Whistler himself came in August and reworked some passages while supervising the decoration he had devised for the rest of the room with its gilded cornice, painted coffering in the ceiling and trophies in grisaille over the chimneypieces (inscribed with Christian names of the 6th Marquess and his wife). Much of the composition is purely imaginary, but there are numerous architectural and personal references. Of the former, the steeple of St Martin-in-the-Fields, Trajan's Column, the Round Tower at Windsor and the Roman church of S.Nome di Maria can be seen, the Italian buildings perhaps recalled from Whistler's time at the British School in Rome. The family appears in many guises: on the triumphal arch on the left is an inscription in 'dog-Latin' commemorating the 'founding of the city' by the Marquess, and his equestrian statue stands in front of it; at the far end in the 'gallery' (reminiscent of the Palladian bridge at Wilton) can be seen two French bulldogs and a pug, which belonged to lady Anglesey's daughters, as well as her book and spectacles. The 'baby' cello belonged to the 7th Marquess as a boy. In the centre of the main wall Lord and Lady Anglesey's arms are shown as if carved in stone on the ends of the parapet wall, and here too are Neptune's trident and crown carelessly propped up against an urn, and wet footprints leading up the steps from the sea - as if to suggest that the sea-god himself had joined the family at the dinner table. Almost by way of a signature, Whistler added in the arcade at the other end the figure of a young man sweeping up rose petals (a reference to his love for Catherine Paget) - this is a self-portrait, the last one before his death in action only a few years later.

Provenance

Commissioned by the 6th Marquess of Anglesey; on loan to the National Trust from Charles Alexander Vaughan Paget, 8th Marquess of Anglesey.

Credit line

Plas Newydd, The Anglesey Collection (National Trust)

Makers and roles

Rex Whistler (Eltham 1905 - Normandy 1944) , artist

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