Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,500 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 41 items
  • 9,896 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,418 items Explore
  • 4,948 items Explore
  • 74 items Explore
  • 101 items Explore
  • 9,406 items Explore
  • 13,022 items Explore
  • 4,331 items Explore
  • 52 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,667 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,117 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,972 items Explore
  • 407 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 16,116 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 70 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 834 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,262 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,312 items Explore
  • 1,500 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,656 items Explore
  • 8,912 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,736 items Explore
  • 5,565 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 857 items Explore
  • 849 items Explore
  • 2,492 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,657 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 309 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 827 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,120 items Explore
  • 986 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 5,179 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 29 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,831 items Explore
  • 1,292 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 17,907 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 874 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 823 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 276 items Explore
  • 2,139 items
  • 2,101 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,678 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,052 items Explore
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,069 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 25 items
  • 717 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 19,476 items Explore
  • 824 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 18,232 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,865 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 50 items
  • 420 items
  • 3,261 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 1 items
  • 443 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 288 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 113 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 717 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,351 items Explore
  • 695 items Explore
  • 5,848 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,981 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,260 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,474 items Explore
  • 180 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 997 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,565 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,196 items Explore
  • 12,231 items Explore
  • 2,722 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,921 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,329 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 12,845 items Explore
  • 3,292 items Explore
  • 1,937 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 30,704 items Explore
  • 633 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,264 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 17 items
  • 30 items
  • 47 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 215 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,789 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 15,263 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,260 items Explore
  • 852 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 620 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,023 items Explore
  • 874 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,781 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 1 items
  • 73 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 2,686 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 8,756 items Explore
  • 19,362 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 333 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,194 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 9,963 items Explore
  • 3,513 items Explore
  • 2,617 items Explore
  • 4,676 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,099 items Explore
  • 4,023 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,808 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,274 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 378 items Explore
  • 5,068 items Explore
  • 8,915 items Explore
  • 1,829 items Explore
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 8,684 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,489 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,784 items Explore
  • 614 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 141 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,562 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 46 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,894 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,200 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,820 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,009 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,325 items Explore
  • 1,340 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,546 items Explore
  • 16,132 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 35 items
  • 5,413 items Explore
  • 7,527 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 11 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,681 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 7,332 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 20,928 items Explore
  • 6,599 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 543 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 163 items Explore
  • 10,843 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,306 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,106 items Explore
  • 588 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,068 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 57,153 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,599 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,133 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 14,885 items Explore
  • 5,116 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 417 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,059 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 715 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,362 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 947 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,181 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 933 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Flintlock musket

Category

Arms and armour

Date

circa 1640 - circa 1650

Materials

Iron, wood and paint

Measurements

1575 mm (Length)

Order this image

Collection

Chirk Castle, Wrexham (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Chirk Castle, Wrexham, Wales, National Trust

NT 1170503.13

Caption

This is the oldest gun in Chirk's musket collection. The muskets were collected by Sir Richard Myddelton 3rd Bt, after the English Civil War. It is a rare example of an early English firing lock, rather than the more commonly found French style. It is displayed in the Cromwell Hall alongside other Civil War weapons and armour.

Summary

Gun. Flintlock musket. One of a collection of thirty eight English flintlock muskets, circa 1640s.

Full description

The thirty-eight muskets at Chirk are of great importance and as so few have survived, they are an almost unique record of English military muskets from the mid-17th century. The muskets are all flintlocks, with a mechanism of a type that was only produced in England and not used after about 1680. They are the largest known surviving group of their kind. The majority of the muskets date to the period 1660 – 1680, although two muskets are from an earlier period, one from the 1620s, the other from the 1640s, the time of the English Civil War. The Castle account books record that Richard Myddelton purchased the muskets in about 1679 from London, in order to decorate the Cromwell Hall, as a celebration of his family's involvement in the Civil War. The records show that the muskets were not in pristine condition and required considerable repair, with some needing new stocks and other components to be replaced. This, together with their relatively low purchase price, confirms that the muskets were old or obsolete when they were bought. Certainly by 1685, a newer form of flintlock, which was cheaper and easier to produce, was soon replacing all other forms of the mechanism in England, including those for military firearms.Two muskets, dating from the 1660s, are exceptionally large and are considered to be "wall or rampart guns". They appear to be among the earliest surviving English guns of this type. Rare military flintlock musket, English, c1640s. Heavy iron barrel, formed in 3 stages, octagonal at the breech, becoming 16 sided, then round to the muzzle, each stage separated by a turned moulding. Bead fore-sight; the rear sight missing. Retained to the stock by 3 barrel pins (missing). The ramrod missing. Barrel length: 121.3cm Calibre: 21mm. Wooden full stock, the “fish-tail” form butt of 2 piece construction with a thin upper comb (tip of comb missing) and formed with a deep thumb groove at the wrist. Stamped on the right side upper fin of the butt with the ownership initials RM. Old metal plate repair to the left side of stock. Most of forestock is missing. Iron furniture comprising; trigger guard with long lower tang and shaped front finial. English Lock (Type 1) flintlock with flat, trapizoide shaped lockplate, with long tail finial. Flat S-shaped cock, the top jaw missing. The top jaw screw is formed with ring top. The external buffer is missing; the frizzen has a narrow square top; there is a bridle between the frizzen and frizzen spring; the frizzen spring has a disc-shaped finial. Retained to the stock by 2 modern wood screws (original 3 sidenails missing). Overall length:157cm Brian Godwin, “The Chirk Castle Firelocks”, Canadian Arms Collecting Journal, Bloomfield, Canada, Vol.36, No.3, 1998. Brian Godwin, John Cooper & Michael Spencer, “The English Flintlock: Its Origins and Development”, 20th Park Lane Arms Fair catalogue, London 2003. Brian Godwin, “The Chirk Castle Firelocks – A Revisit”, Journal of the Arms & Armour Society, London, Vol.XVIII, No.6, September 2006. Brian Godwin, “English Firearms from the late 1500s to the English Civil Wars”, Royal Armouries Journal, Vol.10, No.1, Spring 2013, pp.51–70.

Provenance

Amongst the chattels that, in 1978, were acquired along with Chirk Castle from Lt-Col Ririd Myddelton (1902–1988) by the National Land Fund and handed, on loan for 99 years, to the Secretary of State for Wales. In 1981 Chirk was transferred into the ownership of the National Trust.

Marks and inscriptions

RM (branded)

View more details