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Philip Yorke I, MP (1743–1804)

Thomas Gainsborough RA (Sudbury 1727 - London 1788)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1779 - 1780 (payment)

Materials

Oil, wood and canvas

Measurements

1257 x 1003 mm (49 1/2 x 39 1/4 in)

Place of origin

England

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Collection

Erddig, Wrexham (Accredited Museum)

NT 1151302

Summary

Oil painting on canvas. Painting of Philip Yorke I, MP (1743–1804) by Thomas Gainsborough RA (Sudbury 1727 - London 1788), 1780. A three-quarter-length portrait, standing, wearing black with white stock, his body turned to the right, his gaze directed upward to the left, a gold-topped stick in his right hand, gloves in his left.

Provenance

Given by Philip Yorke III (1905 – 1978) along with the estate, house and contents to the National Trust in 1973 Recorded (without name of artist) in Philip I's pocket- notebook, 22 Feb. 1780: " Last patt: of my own Picture £ 31.10.0; in undated early 19th century (circa 1820 at time of house picture cleaning) Erddig inventory and thence by descent.

Credit line

Erddig, The Yorke Collection (National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

Recto - Label affixed to bottom centre of frame, : PHILIP YORKE, BORN 1743 - DIED 1804. BY T. GAINSBOROUGH RA. Verso: Picture label in Blue Attic Picture Store

Makers and roles

Thomas Gainsborough RA (Sudbury 1727 - London 1788), artist

References

Erddig 1800-29 Inventory of contents of Erddig, 1800-1829, "Mr Yorke - - Gainsborough" Erddig 1914 Chronicles of Erthig on the Dyke by Albina Lucy Cust, (2 vols) 1914 , f-p to vol. II. Recorded (without name of artist) in Philip I's pocket-book, 22 Feb. 1780: "Last patt: of my own Picture ?31.10.0" .A.L. Cust states - quite plausibly on the evidence of this - that the total cost was ?60. A copy Philip Yorke I, (1743-1804) by Joseph Allen was made for his widow in 1804/5, and sold as: "Portrait of a gentleman reputed Gainsborough" for ?250, shortly before 1914 (cf. A.L. Cust, 1914, Vol.II. 272-74) Waterhouse 1958 Ellis K. Waterhouse, Gainsborough, London 1958, no. 746 "YORKE, PHILIP (1743-1804). Erthig. Simon Yorke. 49 x 30 in. Reputed to be 1779. It is possible that Gainsborough may have painted his second, Diana Wynne." Steegman 1957 John Steegman, A Survey of Portraits in Welsh Houses, Vol.I: North Wales, Cardiff, 1957, PORTRAITS AT ERDDIG, WERXHAM. 10. PHILIP YORKE, 2nd of Erddig, 1743-1804. S. of Simon Yorke 1st (see nu.3) author of "The Royal Tribes of Wales". Thomas Gainsborough, c.1780. 50 x 40, TQL, standing head to l.; holding a told-topped stick in his r.hand; wearing a dark suit. Engraved by E. Scriven." Waterson, 1980: Merlin Waterson, The Servants' Hall. A Domestic History of Erddig, Routledge & Kegan 1980, pp. 49, 218, (& 90), & fig. 3 (p. 4)

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