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Philip Yorke I, MP (1743–1804)

Thomas Gainsborough RA (Sudbury 1727 - London 1788)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1779 - 1780 (payment)

Materials

Oil, wood and canvas

Measurements

1257 x 1003 mm (49 1/2 x 39 1/4 in)

Place of origin

England

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Collection

Erddig, Wrexham (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Dining Room, Erddig, Wrexham, Wales, National Trust

NT 1151302

Summary

Oil painting on canvas. Painting of Philip Yorke I, MP (1743–1804) by Thomas Gainsborough RA (Sudbury 1727 - London 1788), 1780. A three-quarter-length portrait, standing, wearing black with white stock, his body turned to the right, his gaze directed upward to the left, a gold-topped stick in his right hand, gloves in his left.

Provenance

Given by Philip Yorke III (1905 – 1978) along with the estate, house and contents to the National Trust in 1973 Recorded (without name of artist) in Philip I's pocket- notebook, 22 Feb. 1780: " Last patt: of my own Picture £ 31.10.0; in undated early 19th century (circa 1820 at time of house picture cleaning) Erddig inventory and thence by descent.

Credit line

Erddig, The Yorke Collection (National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

Recto - Label affixed to bottom centre of frame, : PHILIP YORKE, BORN 1743 - DIED 1804. BY T. GAINSBOROUGH RA. Verso: Picture label in Blue Attic Picture Store

Makers and roles

Thomas Gainsborough RA (Sudbury 1727 - London 1788), artist

References

Erddig 1800-29 Inventory of contents of Erddig, 1800-1829, "Mr Yorke - - Gainsborough" Erddig 1914 Chronicles of Erthig on the Dyke by Albina Lucy Cust, (2 vols) 1914 , f-p to vol. II. Recorded (without name of artist) in Philip I's pocket-book, 22 Feb. 1780: "Last patt: of my own Picture ?31.10.0" .A.L. Cust states - quite plausibly on the evidence of this - that the total cost was ?60. A copy Philip Yorke I, (1743-1804) by Joseph Allen was made for his widow in 1804/5, and sold as: "Portrait of a gentleman reputed Gainsborough" for ?250, shortly before 1914 (cf. A.L. Cust, 1914, Vol.II. 272-74) Waterhouse 1958 Ellis K. Waterhouse, Gainsborough, London 1958, no. 746 "YORKE, PHILIP (1743-1804). Erthig. Simon Yorke. 49 x 30 in. Reputed to be 1779. It is possible that Gainsborough may have painted his second, Diana Wynne." Steegman 1957 John Steegman, A Survey of Portraits in Welsh Houses, Vol.I: North Wales, Cardiff, 1957, PORTRAITS AT ERDDIG, WERXHAM. 10. PHILIP YORKE, 2nd of Erddig, 1743-1804. S. of Simon Yorke 1st (see nu.3) author of "The Royal Tribes of Wales". Thomas Gainsborough, c.1780. 50 x 40, TQL, standing head to l.; holding a told-topped stick in his r.hand; wearing a dark suit. Engraved by E. Scriven." Waterson, 1980: Merlin Waterson, The Servants' Hall. A Domestic History of Erddig, Routledge & Kegan 1980, pp. 49, 218, (& 90), & fig. 3 (p. 4)

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