Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,444 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 41 items
  • 9,884 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,430 items Explore
  • 4,915 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 102 items Explore
  • 9,431 items Explore
  • 13,011 items Explore
  • 4,336 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,685 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,097 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,904 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,965 items Explore
  • 408 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 9 items
  • 16,579 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 68 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 834 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,772 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,310 items Explore
  • 1,503 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,663 items Explore
  • 8,917 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,731 items Explore
  • 5,411 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 923 items Explore
  • 868 items Explore
  • 2,778 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,111 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 845 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,160 items Explore
  • 1,004 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 5,179 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 29 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,831 items Explore
  • 1,311 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,218 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 972 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 824 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 275 items Explore
  • 2,257 items
  • 1,969 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,683 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,678 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,059 items Explore
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,381 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 723 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 19,961 items Explore
  • 825 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 18,844 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,884 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 57 items
  • 419 items
  • 3,259 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 443 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 113 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 717 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 698 items Explore
  • 5,852 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,975 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,261 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,306 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,542 items Explore
  • 183 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 989 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,919 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 114 items
  • 3,196 items Explore
  • 12,473 items Explore
  • 2,731 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,979 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,324 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,101 items Explore
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 1,942 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 33,457 items Explore
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,267 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 29 items
  • 46 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 215 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,561 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 15,263 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,260 items Explore
  • 852 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 716 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 42 items
  • 2,021 items Explore
  • 878 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,798 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,792 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,353 items Explore
  • 19,952 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,187 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 1 items
  • 9,982 items Explore
  • 3,527 items Explore
  • 2,617 items Explore
  • 4,668 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,345 items Explore
  • 4,024 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,848 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,276 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 5,479 items Explore
  • 8,951 items Explore
  • 1,829 items Explore
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 3,302 items Explore
  • 8,813 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,510 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,851 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 143 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 458 items
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,562 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,308 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,921 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,031 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,835 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,010 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,334 items Explore
  • 1,338 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,545 items Explore
  • 16,133 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 40 items
  • 5,413 items Explore
  • 7,529 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,770 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 423 items
  • 157 items Explore
  • 7,376 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 21,074 items Explore
  • 6,522 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 564 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 2 items
  • 163 items Explore
  • 10,839 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,305 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,200 items Explore
  • 594 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,068 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 57,044 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,597 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 3,124 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 15,011 items Explore
  • 5,116 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 448 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,067 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,379 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 949 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 52 items
  • 14,240 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,661 items Explore
  • 801 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Commode

Category

Furniture

Date

circa 1772

Materials

tulipwood, kingwood, purpleheart, sycamore, satinwood, ash, rosewood and stained wood parquetry and marquetry veneer, gilt bronze mounted

Measurements

88.9 x 138 x 64.6 cm

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Ham House, Surrey (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Ham House and Garden, Surrey, London and South East, National Trust

NT 1140073

Summary

A breakfront commode, circa 1772-73, probably English, in the French Transition style. The marquetry top depicting a large trophy consisting of open sheet music, musical instruments, books, writing implements and a flowering branch. The frieze opens with three drawers and is mounted with a piasters' frieze, above a pair of doors revealing an interior fitted with two drawers veneered with Hungarian ash. The two shaped doors are divided into three decorative divisions : the central section is decorated with a marquetry medallion centred by a musical trophy, within a gilt bronze ribbon-tied surround, flanked by floral branches, flanked to each side by Grecian urns on pedestals. The canted corners headed by neoclassical capitals, above four cabriole legs with acanthus leaves to the knees and terminated by foliate cast sabots. The maker of this commode has not been identified. The date and the reason for its commission cannot be ascertained from Ham House's records. The commode first appears at Ham House in the 1844 inventory, recorded in the Breakfast Room (the Withdrawing Room) as "a very curious inlaid and gilt pier commode". Lars Ljungström states that the most likely candidate for the commode commission is the Hon. Wilbraham Tollemarche the 6th Earl of Dysart and younger brother of the 5th Earl. The commode is of a French design, comparable to a few Parisian examples made in the late 1760s, notably a commode by Pierre-Antoine Foullet delivered to the Garde-Meuble in 1768 for the bed chamber of Mme Victoire at Versailles (Château de Versailles, on loan from the Louvre museum). Despite its French appearance, the marquetry top (instead of a marble), the restraint aspect of the gilt bronze mounts and the side marquetry panels of Neoclassical vases on pedestals suggest an English origin. Previously attributed to a London craftsman of Swedish origin such as Georg Haupt, Lars Ljungström demonstrates that the author of the commode was probably an immigrant previously active in Paris (the commode is constructed with a double top as to take the weight of the marble).

Provenance

First recorded in the 1844 inventory of Ham House. Acquired in 1948 by HM Government when Sir Lyonel, 4th Bt (1854 – 1952) and Sir Cecil Tollemache, 5th Bt (1886 – 1969) presented Ham House to the National Trust, and entrusted to the care of the Victoria & Albert Museum, until 1990, when returned to the care of the National Trust, and to which ownership was transferred in 2002.

References

Ljungström Lars 2013 "After a Fashion French: An English Commode at Ham House and it's Stylistic Implications" in Rowell Christopher, Ham House: 400 Years of Collecting and Patronage, Yale, pp.348-359.

View more details