Diana and Actaeon (after Titian)

attributed to Miguel de la Cruz (Michael Cross) (active c.1630-1660)
National Trust Inventory Number 1139669

Category Paintings
Date 1625 - 1645
Materials Oil on canvas
Measurements 2064 x 1772 mm (81 ¼ x 69 ¾ in)
Place of origin England
Collection Ham House, Surrey (Accredited Museum)
On show at Ham House and Garden, Surrey, London and South East, National Trust

Summary description

Oil painting on canvas, Diana and Actaeon (after Titian), attributed to Miguel de la Cruz (active c.1630-1660), 1625/45. Diana and her companions bathe at a well head in a glade with ruins. Whilst out hunting, Actaeon accidentally happens upon the secret bathing place of Diana, chaste goddess of the moon and of the hunt, whose former prey hang above her head. He strides in from the left, his left arm outstretched. The outraged goddess appears to attempt to cover herself, unsuccessfully. She immediately avenges herself by transforming Actaeon into a stag to be devoured by his own hounds. Actaeon's fate is foretold by the stag's skull on the plinth. The conclusion of the story is shown in Titian's The Death of Actaeon in the National Gallery, London. A copy of similar quality is at Knole (NT) and the original, formerly in the collection of Philip IV of Spain and given by him to Charles I, is now owned jointly by the National Gallery, London and the National Galleries of Scotland (ex- Duke of Sutherland collection). The Ham painting was probably a gift from Charles I to William Murray, 1st Earl of Dysart.

Provenance

Made for William Murray on behest of Charles I, in 1677 inventory and in 1683 inventory (99) as attributed to Cruz (Michael Cross); thence by descent until acquired in 1948 by HM Government when Sir Lyonel, 4th Bt (1854 – 1952) and Sir Cecil Tollemache, 5th Bt (1886 – 1969) presented Ham House to the National Trust, and entrusted to the care of the Victoria & Albert Museum, until 1990, when returned to the care of the National Trust, and to which ownership was transferred in 2002

Credit line

Ham House, The Dysart Collection (purchased by HM Government in 1948 and transferred to the National Trust in 2002)

Makers and roles

attributed to Miguel de la Cruz (Michael Cross) (active c.1630-1660), artist
after Titian (Pieve di Cadore 1488/90 - Venice 1576), artist

References

Simon 2014, Jacob Simon (ed. Sarah Okpokam), Picture Frames at Ham House, National Trust, 2014, p. 7

Related items

Place of origin England (247576)
Materials Canvas (10041)
Oil paint (8301)
Wood (127211)
Category Paintings (12641)
Collection Ham House, Surrey (Accredited Museum) (5120)
Periods 17th century (33019)
Maker Miguel de la Cruz (Michael Cross) (active c.1630-1660) (6)
Titian (Pieve di Cadore 1488/90 - Venice 1576) (70)
Subjects Diana (Artemis) (48)
Actaeon (7)
Object Type Oil painting (12931)

Record Status

Enhanced

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