Oil painting on canvas, Elizabeth Hardwick (‘Bess of Hardwick’), Countess of Shrewsbury (1520-1608), probably by Rowland Lockey (c.1565 – London 1616), after 1590. A three-quarter-length portrait, in mourning dress, turned slightly to the left, her right hand resting on table, wearing black cap and gown, ruff, lace at cuffs, set off by the splendid five-strand rope of pearls. A replica is in the National Portrait Gallery.
In Inventory of the contents of Hardwick Hall made in 1601 and attached to the will of Elizabeth Hardwick, Countess of Shrewsbury (c.1520-1608); and thence by descent until, following the death of the 10th Duke of Devonshire (1895 - 1950), Hardwick Hall and its contents were accepted by HM Treasury in part payment of death duties and transferred to the National Trust, in 1959
Marks and inscriptions
Recto: Label in black on gilt tape: [original number concealed by CC no. 737] ELIZABETH HARDWICK COUNTESS OF SHREWSBURY [backboarded, so impossible to see back]
Makers and roles
probably Rowland Lockey (c.1565 – London 1616), artist
previously attributed to follower of Hans Eworth (Antwerp c.1525 – ?London after 1578), artist
Brodhurst, Frederick. Hardwick Hall, Co. of Derby : 1903., No.23, pp.32-34, illus facing p.32
Vertue 1730/50 in George Vertue, ‘Notebooks’, I-VIII, Walpole Society, VI Vol.XXIX (1949), p.72
Vertue 1730 George Vertue, 'Notebooks I-VIII', Walpole Society, I xviii, 1930; II, xx,1932; III, xxii, 1934; IV, xxiv, 1936; xxvi, V,1938; xxix, 1947 index; VI, xxx, 1955
Walpole 1760 in Horace Walpole’s Journals of Visits to Country Seats, &c. ed. Paget Toynbee. Vol. 16. Walpole Society, 1927-8 [Hardwick pp.29-30].