Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 947 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 26 items
  • 5,325 items
  • 3,513 items Explore
  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 17 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 89 items Explore
  • 39 items
  • 9,739 items Explore
  • 208 items Explore
  • 1,210 items Explore
  • 4,933 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 104 items Explore
  • 9,259 items Explore
  • 153 items Explore
  • 4,285 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 2,002 items Explore
  • 4,696 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 17,911 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,901 items Explore
  • 948 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,214 items Explore
  • 403 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 14,560 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 70 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 797 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 55 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 133 items
  • 1 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 903 items Explore
  • 832 items
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 21,644 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,236 items Explore
  • 1,450 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 193 items Explore
  • 7,638 items Explore
  • 8,888 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,743 items Explore
  • 5,341 items Explore
  • 4,027 items Explore
  • 848 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 2,379 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 314 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,027 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 305 items Explore
  • 727 items Explore
  • 817 items Explore
  • 475 items Explore
  • 908 items Explore
  • 895 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 4,837 items Explore
  • 165 items
  • 6 items
  • 292 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 22 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3,245 items Explore
  • 829 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 17,388 items Explore
  • 1,089 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 43 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 116 items
  • 311 items
  • 957 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 537 items Explore
  • 1,665 items
  • 562 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 3,724 items Explore
  • 28,626 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,054 items Explore
  • 176 items Explore
  • 6,309 items Explore
  • 724 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 65 items
  • 157 items
  • 52 items
  • 18,114 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 824 items
  • 17 items
  • 14,789 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1,862 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 44 items
  • 371 items
  • 3,257 items Explore
  • 79 items
  • 1 items
  • 473 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 112 items
  • 272 items
  • 760 items
  • 1 items
  • 730 items
  • 342 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 10,168 items Explore
  • 688 items Explore
  • 5,843 items Explore
  • 4,747 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,376 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,292 items Explore
  • 6,131 items Explore
  • 181 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 841 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,837 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 192 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 35 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,173 items Explore
  • 11,636 items Explore
  • 2,697 items Explore
  • 7,432 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,523 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 13,844 items Explore
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 1,624 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 26,941 items Explore
  • 633 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 20,852 items Explore
  • 100 items
  • 1 items
  • 14 items
  • 26 items
  • 5 items
  • 891 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 215 items Explore
  • 14,767 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 855 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 2 items
  • 187 items
  • 587 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 42 items
  • 2,031 items Explore
  • 783 items Explore
  • 1,823 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 29 items
  • 638 items Explore
  • 2,346 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 11 items
  • 12 items
  • 5,084 items Explore
  • 13,646 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,194 items
  • 169 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 9,770 items Explore
  • 3,482 items Explore
  • 2,627 items Explore
  • 4,671 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 56 items
  • 5,832 items Explore
  • 4,021 items Explore
  • 463 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,753 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,272 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 341 items Explore
  • 5,668 items Explore
  • 8,600 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,852 items Explore
  • 2,148 items Explore
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 6,360 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 2,453 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 186 items Explore
  • 614 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 137 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 26 items Explore
  • 464 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,520 items Explore
  • 8,164 items Explore
  • 55 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 11,989 items Explore
  • 1,011 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,764 items Explore
  • 764 items Explore
  • 1,978 items
  • 3,989 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 10,831 items Explore
  • 1,234 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,553 items Explore
  • 15,772 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,680 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 5,407 items Explore
  • 6,665 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 11 items
  • 6 items
  • 7 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 6,089 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 1 items
  • 423 items
  • 117 items Explore
  • 7,249 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 20,158 items Explore
  • 6,606 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 155 items Explore
  • 279 items
  • 1 items
  • 93 items Explore
  • 10,743 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 7,411 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9,145 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 698 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 44 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,221 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 559 items Explore
  • 67 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 2,750 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 567 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,079 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 54,663 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,632 items Explore
  • 2,663 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 10,367 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 657 items Explore
  • 87 items
  • 468 items
  • 40 items
  • 29 items
  • 42 items
  • 72 items
  • 72 items
  • 280 items
  • 1,057 items Explore
  • 306 items
  • 46 items
  • 7,407 items Explore
  • 9 items
  • 13,648 items Explore
  • 93 items
  • 17 items
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 302 items
  • 543 items Explore
  • 1,662 items Explore
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Elizabeth Hardwick (‘Bess of Hardwick’), Countess of Shrewsbury (1520-1608)

probably Rowland Lockey (c.1565 – London 1616)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1590 (after)

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

1022 x 781 mm (40 ¼ x 30 ¾ in)

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 1129102

Caption

This portrait of Elizabeth, Countess of Shrewsbury, popularly known as Bess of Hardwick, shows her after the death of her fourth and last husband, the 6th Earl of Shrewsbury, in 1590. She was a resolute and ambitious woman, a collector and a builder on an almost unprecedented scale, and possessed wealth affording her every indulgence. Her supreme monument is the house that she built at Hardwick, perhaps the least altered and most atmospheric of all Elizabethan ‘prodigy houses’. This portrait is displayed at Hardwick against the background of the famous series of Flemish tapestries that Bess had acquired from Sir Christopher Hatton. It was probably painted by Rowland Lockey, an apprentice of Nicholas Hilliard. He is recorded as having worked as a miniaturist for Bess in 1592, and from 1608 he was patronized by William, Lord Cavendish (later Earl of Devonshire) for whom he appears to have painted many copies of earlier pictures.

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Elizabeth Hardwick (‘Bess of Hardwick’), Countess of Shrewsbury (1520-1608), probably by Rowland Lockey (c.1565 – London 1616), after 1590. A three-quarter-length portrait, in mourning dress, turned slightly to the left, her right hand resting on table, wearing black cap and gown, ruff, lace at cuffs, set off by the splendid five-strand rope of pearls. A replica is in the National Portrait Gallery.

Provenance

In Inventory of the contents of Hardwick Hall made in 1601 and attached to the will of Elizabeth Hardwick, Countess of Shrewsbury (c.1520-1608); and thence by descent until, following the death of the 10th Duke of Devonshire (1895 - 1950), Hardwick Hall and its contents were accepted by HM Treasury in part payment of death duties and transferred to the National Trust, in 1959

Marks and inscriptions

Recto: Label in black on gilt tape: [original number concealed by CC no. 737] ELIZABETH HARDWICK COUNTESS OF SHREWSBURY [backboarded, so impossible to see back]

Makers and roles

probably Rowland Lockey (c.1565 – London 1616), artist previously catalogued as follower of Hans Eworth (Antwerp c.1525 – ?London after 1578), artist

References

Brodhurst, Frederick. Hardwick Hall, Co. of Derby : 1903., No.23, pp.32-34, illus facing p.32 Vertue 1730/50 in George Vertue, ‘Notebooks’, I-VIII, Walpole Society, VI Vol.XXIX (1949), p.72 Vertue 1730 George Vertue, 'Notebooks I-VIII', Walpole Society, I xviii, 1930; II, xx,1932; III, xxii, 1934; IV, xxiv, 1936; xxvi, V,1938; xxix, 1947 index; VI, xxx, 1955 Walpole 1760 in Horace Walpole’s Journals of Visits to Country Seats, &c. ed. Paget Toynbee. Vol. 16. Walpole Society, 1927-8 [Hardwick pp.29-30].

View more details