Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,444 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 41 items
  • 9,895 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,418 items Explore
  • 4,948 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 101 items Explore
  • 9,418 items Explore
  • 13,022 items Explore
  • 4,331 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,686 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,109 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,912 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,985 items Explore
  • 408 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 9 items
  • 16,454 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 68 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 834 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,742 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,310 items Explore
  • 1,503 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,662 items Explore
  • 8,918 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 5,569 items Explore
  • 4,022 items Explore
  • 904 items Explore
  • 868 items Explore
  • 2,487 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,945 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 827 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,159 items Explore
  • 988 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 5,180 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 29 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,831 items Explore
  • 1,292 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,149 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 929 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 823 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 275 items Explore
  • 2,257 items
  • 1,969 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,683 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,676 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,053 items Explore
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,375 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 25 items
  • 717 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 19,768 items Explore
  • 825 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 18,690 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,883 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 57 items
  • 420 items
  • 3,261 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 443 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 113 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 717 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 698 items Explore
  • 5,850 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,982 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,259 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,299 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,540 items Explore
  • 183 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 989 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,919 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,196 items Explore
  • 12,318 items Explore
  • 2,724 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,977 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,328 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,063 items Explore
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 1,939 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 32,692 items Explore
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,266 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 30 items
  • 46 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 215 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,561 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 15,263 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,260 items Explore
  • 852 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 637 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,021 items Explore
  • 878 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,798 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,742 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,342 items Explore
  • 19,577 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,193 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 1 items
  • 9,975 items Explore
  • 3,523 items Explore
  • 2,611 items Explore
  • 4,667 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,099 items Explore
  • 4,024 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,809 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,276 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 378 items Explore
  • 5,656 items Explore
  • 8,926 items Explore
  • 1,829 items Explore
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 3,300 items Explore
  • 8,797 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,505 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,845 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 143 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 457 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,562 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 46 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,905 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,820 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,010 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,324 items Explore
  • 1,338 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,545 items Explore
  • 16,135 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 35 items
  • 5,413 items Explore
  • 7,529 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,770 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 157 items Explore
  • 7,360 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 20,971 items Explore
  • 6,599 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 566 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 2 items
  • 163 items Explore
  • 10,847 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,306 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,095 items Explore
  • 588 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,068 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 56,844 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,597 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 3,133 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 14,880 items Explore
  • 5,116 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 448 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,057 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,379 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,151 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,660 items Explore
  • 952 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Lady Arabella Stuart, later Duchess of Somerset (1575 – 1615), aged 13 1/2

British (English) School

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1589 (inscribed) - 1599

Materials

Oil on oak panel

Measurements

1613 x 838 mm (63 1/2 x 33 in)

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 1129095

Caption

The inscription on this painting identifies the sitter as Lady Arabella Stuart, aged 13 ½. It was once thought that the initials ‘CVM’, which can be found beneath the tablecloth were those of the artist Carel Van Mander, to whom this picture was once attributed. It is more likely, however, that they are the remaining portion of a word like ‘TECUM.’ The sitter was the daughter of Charles Stuart, Earl of Lennox (1555-1576) and Elizabeth Cavendish (1554-1582). Her engagement to William Seymour (1587-1660) was considered by James I to be a threat to the throne, and she was confined to the Tower. Having agreed to end the engagement, she was released, but she resolved to marry him in secret, resulting in their re-imprisonment. Her attempts to flee were foiled, and she died, having had a mental breakdown, in 1615.

Summary

Oil painting on oak panel, Lady Arabella Stuart, Duchess of Somerset (1575 – 1615), aged 13 1/2, British (English) School, inscribed in cartouche: ARBELLA • STVARTA • / COMITISSA • LEVINIÆ • / ÆTATIS • SVÆ • 13 • ET • 1/2 • / ANNO • DNI • 1589 • And inscribed between bottom of tablecloth and stretcher of table: CVM, the remaining portion of a word like TECUM ('with you') rather than initials of Carel van Mander to whom this portrait was once attributed. A full-length portrait, standing, turned slightly to the left in an apartment, wearing a white dress with spotted puffed sleeves and white brocade, studded with dark jewels, and embroidered cuffs of a darker colour. Her light brown hair, frizzed in front, is allowed to fall, maiden-fashion, on her shoulders and around her neck is a pearl necklace and other ornaments with a fan hanging from her left. Her right hand is resting on a table covered in a green fringed cloth and a dog is lying in the left foreground and a red draped curtain is on the right. In 1859 a commentator in the Athenaeum wrote: "The pale blue eyes and melancholy features have a decided Stuart character. The face closely resembles that of her father in the Hampton Court picture." In Miss Bradley's 'Life of Arabella Stuart', 1889, she wrote: "Daughter of Charles Stuart, Earl of Lenox (brother to Lord Darnley, the husband of Mary Queen of Scots) by his wife Elizabeth Cavendish, daughter of Sir William Cavendish, and Elizabeth Hardwick, his wife. Born at Chatsworth 1575. Her father died 1576; her mother in 1582; so left an orphan when six years of age. Was brought up at Hardwick; was taught modern and classical tongues. Many projects of marriage proposed - with Lord Denbigh, son of Earl of Leicester; James VI of Scotland, the 1st of England; with son of Duke of Parma; with Esme Stuart, Duke of Lenox; with Henry IV of France. Lady Arabella was at one time next heir to the throne of England and Scotland after James I; as his family increased her chances decreased. In the year 1610, without consent of the king, the Lady Arbella became engaged in marriage to William Seymour, second son of Lord Beauchamp and grandson of Earl of Hertford. He at this time only twenty-three, she thirty-five. At once sent to prison, and only released on the promise the engagement should cease. An alliance between a Stuart and a Seymour - both English born, whilst he only a Scotchman, and counted, at his accession, as a foreigner, boded no good to his throne, as he reasoned. The marriage, however, solemnised on June 22, 1610: and on July 8 both again in prison. Was placed under the care of Bishop of Durham, and left London for the North. Escaped in man’s clothes to Blackwall. Started in boat for the Continent, but was caught, brought back, and lodged in the Tower, never again to know freedom. Lingered there four years, till her mind became unhinged. Died 25 September, 1615. Her history is a sad one, and her end will ever remain an indelible blot on the cold, unfeeling character of James I."

Provenance

In inventory of the contents of Hardwick Hall made in 1601 and attached to the will of Elizabeth Hardwick, Countess of Shrewsbury (c.1520-1608) as "In the Gallerie...The Ladie Arbella”; given away before 1811, or by the 6th Duke of Devonshire, to Cribb, the picture restorer, from whom it was bought back by the 7th Duke; and thence by descent until, following the death of the 10th Duke of Devonshire (1895 - 1950), Hardwick Hall and its contents were accepted by HM Treasury in part payment of death duties and transferred to the National Trust, in 1959

Credit line

Hardwick Hall, The Devonshire Collection (acquired through the National Land Fund and transferred to The National Trust in 1959)

Marks and inscriptions

Recto: Inscribed between bottom of tablecloth and stretcher of table: CVM [=TECUM?] Verso: Labels: reapplied to the back of the frame: A cutting from The Athenaeum for 12 February 1859: “A portrait of Arabella Stuart, precisely similar to the one belonging to the Duke of Portland, which went from Bolsover to Manchester in 1857, and which is now, we believe, at Welbeck, has recently gained notoriety among portrait hunters in consequence of some extensive restorations applied to it, enhanced still further, it may be, by the mention in other quarters of a presumed likeness of the same lady to which no satisfactory proof could be attached. The picture we now speak of belonged to the Duke of Devonshire, and was discarded from either Haddon or Hardwick as too far gone and worthless. Modern industry has, however, by dint of unveiling, replacing, and high varnishing, made a rotten picture sufficiently presentable to claim a place on the high walls from which it had been driven. At all events, it should not now be thrown away. A tablet on the background to the left is inscribed, “Arbella Stuarta, Comitissa Leviniæ, ætatis suæ 13 et ½, Anno Dñi. 1589.” The colouring of the figure, as in the Welbeck admirably preserved duplicate, is very pale and grey. The dress is white, studded wit ssquare [sic: with square] black jewels; and her light brown hair treams [sic: streams] over her shoulders and broad white sleeves. The pale blue eyes and melancholy features have a decided Stuart character. The face closely resembles that of her father in the Hampton Court picture.” A label [from what exhibition?] of the Academy of Arts, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 18?? [belonging to the Duke of Devonshire, but with the return address given as the South Kensington Museum (cf. HHE.P.11)] Stuart Exhibition, The New Gallery, London, 1888 (lent by the Marquess of Hartington).

Makers and roles

British (English) School, artist previously catalogued as attributed to Karel van Mander (Meulebeke 1548 - Amsterdam 1606), artist possibly Rowland Lockey (c.1565 – London 1616), artist

View more details