Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,443 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,767 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,530 items Explore
  • 5,008 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 10,629 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,576 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 5 items
  • 146 items Explore
  • 2,066 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,704 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,048 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,867 items Explore
  • 1,108 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,608 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 18,918 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 148 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,407 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,503 items Explore
  • 1,523 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 154 items Explore
  • 9,176 items Explore
  • 9,676 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,053 items Explore
  • 5,639 items Explore
  • 4,053 items Explore
  • 1,216 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,327 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,019 items Explore
  • 492 items Explore
  • 1,101 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,962 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 1 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3,040 items Explore
  • 1,488 items Explore
  • 80 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,074 items Explore
  • 1,186 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 844 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 2,396 items
  • 2,534 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,382 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 31,820 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,312 items Explore
  • 238 items Explore
  • 7,943 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 713 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 158 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,496 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,536 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2,333 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 106 items
  • 1 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 131 items
  • 293 items
  • 866 items
  • 725 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 10,747 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,267 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 6,039 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,315 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,724 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,169 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,487 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,475 items Explore
  • 13,461 items Explore
  • 2,738 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 9,297 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,342 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,051 items Explore
  • 3,308 items Explore
  • 2,113 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 37,792 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,268 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,615 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,532 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 219 items
  • 683 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,650 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,918 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 82 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,011 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,325 items Explore
  • 22,549 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1,368 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,286 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,633 items Explore
  • 4,753 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,886 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 439 items Explore
  • 2,280 items Explore
  • 2,448 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,561 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 42 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,873 items Explore
  • 8,882 items Explore
  • 1,855 items Explore
  • 4,702 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,015 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,583 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,162 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 88 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 461 items
  • 1 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,607 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,288 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,700 items Explore
  • 1,198 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,546 items Explore
  • 900 items Explore
  • 2,015 items
  • 5,974 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,727 items Explore
  • 1,386 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,569 items Explore
  • 16,048 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 59 items
  • 5,740 items Explore
  • 8,023 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,314 items Explore
  • 283 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 461 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,318 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,434 items Explore
  • 6,917 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,016 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 334 items Explore
  • 12,216 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 3 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 183 items
  • 3,615 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,195 items Explore
  • 2,204 items Explore
  • 731 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 1,088 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 70,079 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,639 items Explore
  • 2,835 items Explore
  • 30 items
  • 3,291 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,533 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 84 items
  • 29 items
  • 318 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,178 items Explore
  • 95 items
  • 815 items
  • 45 items
  • 9,481 items Explore
  • 26 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,170 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 265 items
  • 15,494 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 6 items
  • 380 items
  • 2 items
  • 624 items Explore
  • 1,643 items Explore
  • 1,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 157 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Lady Arabella Stuart, later Duchess of Somerset (1575 – 1615), aged 13 1/2

British (English) School

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1589 (inscribed) - 1599

Materials

Oil on oak panel

Measurements

1613 x 838 mm (63 1/2 x 33 in)

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Long Gallery, Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 1129095

Caption

The inscription on this painting identifies the sitter as Lady Arabella Stuart, aged 13 ½. It was once thought that the initials ‘CVM’, which can be found beneath the tablecloth were those of the artist Carel Van Mander, to whom this picture was once attributed. It is more likely, however, that they are the remaining portion of a word like ‘TECUM.’ The sitter was the daughter of Charles Stuart, Earl of Lennox (1555-1576) and Elizabeth Cavendish (1554-1582). Her engagement to William Seymour (1587-1660) was considered by James I to be a threat to the throne, and she was confined to the Tower. Having agreed to end the engagement, she was released, but she resolved to marry him in secret, resulting in their re-imprisonment. Her attempts to flee were foiled, and she died, having had a mental breakdown, in 1615.

Summary

Oil painting on oak panel, Lady Arabella Stuart, Duchess of Somerset (1575 – 1615), aged 13 1/2, British (English) School, inscribed in cartouche: ARBELLA • STVARTA • / COMITISSA • LEVINIÆ • / ÆTATIS • SVÆ • 13 • ET • 1/2 • / ANNO • DNI • 1589 • And inscribed between bottom of tablecloth and stretcher of table: CVM, the remaining portion of a word like TECUM ('with you') rather than initials of Carel van Mander to whom this portrait was once attributed. A full-length portrait, standing, turned slightly to the left in an apartment, wearing a white dress with spotted puffed sleeves and white brocade, studded with dark jewels, and embroidered cuffs of a darker colour. Her light brown hair, frizzed in front, is allowed to fall, maiden-fashion, on her shoulders and around her neck is a pearl necklace and other ornaments with a fan hanging from her left. Her right hand is resting on a table covered in a green fringed cloth and a dog is lying in the left foreground and a red draped curtain is on the right. In 1859 a commentator in the Athenaeum wrote: "The pale blue eyes and melancholy features have a decided Stuart character. The face closely resembles that of her father in the Hampton Court picture." In Miss Bradley's 'Life of Arabella Stuart', 1889, she wrote: "Daughter of Charles Stuart, Earl of Lenox (brother to Lord Darnley, the husband of Mary Queen of Scots) by his wife Elizabeth Cavendish, daughter of Sir William Cavendish, and Elizabeth Hardwick, his wife. Born at Chatsworth 1575. Her father died 1576; her mother in 1582; so left an orphan when six years of age. Was brought up at Hardwick; was taught modern and classical tongues. Many projects of marriage proposed - with Lord Denbigh, son of Earl of Leicester; James VI of Scotland, the 1st of England; with son of Duke of Parma; with Esme Stuart, Duke of Lenox; with Henry IV of France. Lady Arabella was at one time next heir to the throne of England and Scotland after James I; as his family increased her chances decreased. In the year 1610, without consent of the king, the Lady Arbella became engaged in marriage to William Seymour, second son of Lord Beauchamp and grandson of Earl of Hertford. He at this time only twenty-three, she thirty-five. At once sent to prison, and only released on the promise the engagement should cease. An alliance between a Stuart and a Seymour - both English born, whilst he only a Scotchman, and counted, at his accession, as a foreigner, boded no good to his throne, as he reasoned. The marriage, however, solemnised on June 22, 1610: and on July 8 both again in prison. Was placed under the care of Bishop of Durham, and left London for the North. Escaped in man’s clothes to Blackwall. Started in boat for the Continent, but was caught, brought back, and lodged in the Tower, never again to know freedom. Lingered there four years, till her mind became unhinged. Died 25 September, 1615. Her history is a sad one, and her end will ever remain an indelible blot on the cold, unfeeling character of James I."

Provenance

In inventory of the contents of Hardwick Hall made in 1601 and attached to the will of Elizabeth Hardwick, Countess of Shrewsbury (c.1520-1608) as "In the Gallerie...The Ladie Arbella”; given away before 1811, or by the 6th Duke of Devonshire, to Cribb, the picture restorer, from whom it was bought back by the 7th Duke; and thence by descent until, following the death of the 10th Duke of Devonshire (1895 - 1950), Hardwick Hall and its contents were accepted by HM Treasury in part payment of death duties and transferred to the National Trust, in 1959

Credit line

Hardwick Hall, The Devonshire Collection (acquired through the National Land Fund and transferred to The National Trust in 1959)

Marks and inscriptions

Recto: Inscribed between bottom of tablecloth and stretcher of table: CVM [=TECUM?] Verso: Labels: reapplied to the back of the frame: A cutting from The Athenaeum for 12 February 1859: “A portrait of Arabella Stuart, precisely similar to the one belonging to the Duke of Portland, which went from Bolsover to Manchester in 1857, and which is now, we believe, at Welbeck, has recently gained notoriety among portrait hunters in consequence of some extensive restorations applied to it, enhanced still further, it may be, by the mention in other quarters of a presumed likeness of the same lady to which no satisfactory proof could be attached. The picture we now speak of belonged to the Duke of Devonshire, and was discarded from either Haddon or Hardwick as too far gone and worthless. Modern industry has, however, by dint of unveiling, replacing, and high varnishing, made a rotten picture sufficiently presentable to claim a place on the high walls from which it had been driven. At all events, it should not now be thrown away. A tablet on the background to the left is inscribed, “Arbella Stuarta, Comitissa Leviniæ, ætatis suæ 13 et ½, Anno Dñi. 1589.” The colouring of the figure, as in the Welbeck admirably preserved duplicate, is very pale and grey. The dress is white, studded wit ssquare [sic: with square] black jewels; and her light brown hair treams [sic: streams] over her shoulders and broad white sleeves. The pale blue eyes and melancholy features have a decided Stuart character. The face closely resembles that of her father in the Hampton Court picture.” A label [from what exhibition?] of the Academy of Arts, Newcastle-upon-Tyne, 18?? [belonging to the Duke of Devonshire, but with the return address given as the South Kensington Museum (cf. HHE.P.11)] Stuart Exhibition, The New Gallery, London, 1888 (lent by the Marquess of Hartington).

Makers and roles

British (English) School, artist previously catalogued as attributed to Karel van Mander (Meulebeke 1548 - Amsterdam 1606), artist possibly Rowland Lockey (c.1565 – London 1616), artist

View more details