Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,444 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 41 items
  • 9,895 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,418 items Explore
  • 4,948 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 101 items Explore
  • 9,418 items Explore
  • 13,022 items Explore
  • 4,331 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,686 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,109 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,912 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,985 items Explore
  • 408 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 9 items
  • 16,455 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 68 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 897 items Explore
  • 834 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,747 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,310 items Explore
  • 1,503 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,662 items Explore
  • 8,918 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 5,569 items Explore
  • 4,022 items Explore
  • 904 items Explore
  • 868 items Explore
  • 2,487 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,950 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 827 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,159 items Explore
  • 988 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 5,180 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 29 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,831 items Explore
  • 1,292 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,149 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 929 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 823 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 275 items Explore
  • 2,257 items
  • 1,969 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,683 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,676 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,053 items Explore
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,375 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 25 items
  • 717 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 19,768 items Explore
  • 825 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 18,690 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,883 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 57 items
  • 420 items
  • 3,261 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 443 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 113 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 717 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 698 items Explore
  • 5,850 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,982 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,259 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,299 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,540 items Explore
  • 183 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 989 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,919 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,196 items Explore
  • 12,318 items Explore
  • 2,724 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,977 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,328 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,063 items Explore
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 1,942 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 32,694 items Explore
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,266 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 30 items
  • 46 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 215 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,561 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 15,263 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,260 items Explore
  • 852 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 637 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,021 items Explore
  • 878 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,798 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,742 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,342 items Explore
  • 19,577 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,193 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 1 items
  • 9,975 items Explore
  • 3,523 items Explore
  • 2,614 items Explore
  • 4,667 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,100 items Explore
  • 4,024 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,809 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,276 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 378 items Explore
  • 5,656 items Explore
  • 8,926 items Explore
  • 1,829 items Explore
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 3,300 items Explore
  • 8,859 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,511 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,845 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 143 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 457 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,562 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 46 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,905 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,032 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,820 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,010 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,324 items Explore
  • 1,338 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,545 items Explore
  • 16,135 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 35 items
  • 5,413 items Explore
  • 7,529 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,770 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 157 items Explore
  • 7,360 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 20,971 items Explore
  • 6,599 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 566 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 2 items
  • 163 items Explore
  • 10,847 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,306 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,095 items Explore
  • 588 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,068 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 56,844 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,597 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 3,133 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 14,880 items Explore
  • 5,116 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 1 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 448 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,057 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,379 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,151 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,660 items Explore
  • 952 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Hardwick Hall's so-called 'Aeglentyne' [or Eglantine] Table - circa 1568

Category

Furniture

Date

circa 1568

Materials

The top walnut, limewood and fruitwood veneers on a deal core, inlaid with various woods, the base of ash with painted decoration to the stretchers

Measurements

90 x 302 x 129 cm

Place of origin

London

Order this image

Collection

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 1127774

Summary

The so-called 'Aeglentyne' Table, probably London, circa 1568, the walnut, fruitwood and limewood top inlaid with various timbers in three bands of elaborate marquetry depicting musical instruments, musical scores, playing cards, gaming boards and strapwork containing armorials, symbols and mottoes of Cavendish, Hardwick and Talbot, all around a central cartouche inlaid with the motto 'THE * REDOLENT * SMLE * / * OF * AEGLENTYNE / WE * STAGGES * EXAVET * / TO * THE * DEVEYNE', the base of ash, and with tapering columnar form legs with depressed gadrooned capitals, and inlaid with alternate flowers and rings, the deep base rails applied with upper and lower mouldings inlaid with strapwork to the exterior and with conforming painted strapwork to their inner faces.

Full description

This table is one of the rarest surviving pieces of furniture in England, and has been a draw for those visiting Hardwick for centuries. It takes its name from the motto inlaid to the centre of its top, which refers to 'aeglentyne' or 'eglantine', the old word for a sweet briar rose. The rose was part of the Hardwick arms (Bess adopted it in favour of the cinquefoil used by other members of her family); later the rose-collared stag would be adopted by the Cavendishes. The table's heraldic and dynastic references strongly suggest that it was made to commemorate marriages made between the Cavendishes and Talbots in 1567 - 1568. In 1567, Bess of Hardwick (c. 1527 - 1608) married her fourth husband, George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury (c. 1528 - 1590), whilst Bess' eldest son, Henry Cavendish, married Lady Grace Talbot, the Earl's youngest daughter, on 9th February 1568. On the same day, Bess' second daughter, Mary Cavendish, married Gilbert Talbot, the Earl's second son and later 7th Earl of Shrewsbury, but arms commemorating this match do not appear to the table-top. Anthony Wells-Cole has shown that Jacob Floris's 'Compertimentorum quod vocant multiplex genus', published in Antwerp between 1566 and 1567, was the design inspiration behind the table's strapwork frieze, and this table does bear comparison to Flemish and German work of the 16th century, but the execution of the inlay, and motifs such as the floral slips, which feel English in design, suggest that this table may well have been made by craftsmen in London, possibly in Southwark. The thirteen musical instruments depicted include a four-course guitar, several viols and bows, a cittern, two shawms, bagpipes, a lute, a harp, a horn, a recorder, a sackbut and two cornetti. One of the depicted music books bears a four-part setting of 'O Lord in Thee is all my trust' by Thomas Tallis, which was first printed in London in 1563. It has been noted that the upper and lower boards which form the top are inlaid in a different manner. The lower frieze of gaming paraphernalia, two musical instruments, playing cards and a penner, being more 'staccato' and without the sixty-five various floral sprays which adorn the upper frieze of musical instruments and scores. The central board is of walnut; the upper and lower friezes are made up of fruitwood and limewood planks of various sizes. It is possible, therefore, to speculate that the central board may have been conceived as an independent panel, perhaps intended as part of wall paneling, and the two outer boards were an afterthought when the idea of the table was conceived. The 'Aeglentyne' Table's closest counterpart - the 'Burrell' table which is dated 1569 - also survives in a British collection, and the existence of both tables bearing English heraldic references reinforces the case that both were of London manufacture. The table cannot be identified with any certainty in the 1601 inventory. Margaret Jourdain suggested in 1924 that it may have been the 'inlayed table in the windowe' in the High Great Chamber, but there are several other tables at Hardwick which are candidates, such as 'an inlayde table' in the 'high gallerie'. It has recently been suggested that it bears a greater resemblance to the description of 'an inlayde table' with 'a flannel to cover it' in the 'highe gallerie' at Chatsworth, a room lined with inlaid and coloured paneling.

Provenance

Presumably made to commemorate the dynastic marriages in 1567/8 of Bess of Hardwick (c. 1527 - 1608), with her fourth husband, George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury (c. 1528 - 1590), and two of their respective children. Thought to be either the 'inlayde table in the windowe' of the High Great Chamber, or - perhaps more likely - 'a long table Carved and inlayed' in the Low Great Chamber, recorded in the Hardwick Hall inventory of 1601. Horace Walpole noted in 1760 that the 'Aeglentyne' Table was in the High Great Chamber and it was still there in 1897 when the house was photographed by Country Life. Thence, by descent until transferred from the Treasury to the National Trust in 1984.

Marks and inscriptions

To table top: THE * REDOLENT * SMELE * OF * AEGLENTYNE WE * STAGGES * EXAVET * TO * THE * DEVEYNE To table top: Arms and armorials including Talbot impaling Hardwick, Cavendish impaling Talbot, and other crests and devices.

References

Jervis, Simon Swynfen, 'Furniture at Hardwick Hall - I' in Hardwick Hall: A Great Old Castle of Romance, eds., David Adshead and David Taylor (2016), 95 - 99 Macquoid, Percy, The dictionary of English furniture, MCMXXIV - MCMXXVII 1924-1927, Volume III, pp. 276 - 7 and Figure 1. National Trust (Great Britain), Hardwick Hall., 1976, p. 91 Bostwick, 1995: David Bostwick. “The French walnut furniture at Hardwick Hall.” Furniture History 31 (1995): pp.1-6., pp. 1 - 6 and Figure 1. Wells-Cole 1997 Anthony Wells-Cole, Art and Decoration in Elizabethan and Jacobean England: the influence of continental prints, 1558-1625, New Haven & London 1997, p. 250 and Figures 418 - 420. Simon Jervis, 'Printed Furniture Designs before 1650' (London, 1974), pp. 24 - 26 and Figure 76 Collins (1976), David Collins, 'A 16th Century Manuscript in Wood: The Eglantine Table at Hardwick Hall' in Early Music, Volume IV, No. 3 (July, 1976), pp. 275 - 279 Leyland 1897, John Leyland, 'Country Homes: Hardwick Hall', Country Life 23rd October 1987, p. 436 Boynton and Thornton 1971 Lindsay Boynton and Peter Thornton, ‘The Hardwick Inventories of 1601’, Journal of the Furniture History Society, Vol.VII, 1971 , p. 27 [reference to table in High Great Chamber], p. 30 [reference to the table in the Low Great Chamber], and Plate 12.

View more details