Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,459 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,996 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,214 items Explore
  • 8,531 items Explore
  • 5,050 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 10,651 items Explore
  • 13,079 items Explore
  • 4,620 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,013 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,730 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,079 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,904 items Explore
  • 1,111 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,502 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,087 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 3 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,020 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 26,710 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,820 items Explore
  • 1,529 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,626 items Explore
  • 9,688 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,059 items Explore
  • 5,638 items Explore
  • 4,055 items Explore
  • 1,511 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,351 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 335 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,089 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 882 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,949 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,937 items Explore
  • 1,515 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,420 items Explore
  • 1,192 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 3 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 841 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,418 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,391 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 33,679 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 8,047 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,911 items Explore
  • 914 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,877 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,337 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 165 items
  • 1 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 130 items
  • 294 items
  • 856 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,292 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,260 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6,836 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,322 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,732 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,557 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,498 items Explore
  • 13,479 items Explore
  • 2,719 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,292 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,332 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,106 items Explore
  • 3,309 items Explore
  • 2,159 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 40,414 items Explore
  • 638 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,302 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 139 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,177 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,545 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,283 items Explore
  • 1,643 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,915 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 2 items
  • 83 items
  • 771 items Explore
  • 3,265 items Explore
  • 39 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,635 items Explore
  • 22,578 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 1,373 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,594 items Explore
  • 3,566 items Explore
  • 2,645 items Explore
  • 4,766 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 6,890 items Explore
  • 4,798 items Explore
  • 427 items Explore
  • 2,315 items Explore
  • 2,580 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,783 items Explore
  • 53 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,878 items Explore
  • 8,882 items Explore
  • 1,849 items Explore
  • 5,746 items Explore
  • 3,347 items Explore
  • 10,576 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,598 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 9 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,604 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,409 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,716 items Explore
  • 1,196 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,567 items Explore
  • 1,008 items Explore
  • 1,958 items
  • 6,033 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,944 items Explore
  • 1,385 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,566 items Explore
  • 16,147 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,679 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 8,472 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,383 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 438 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 3 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 474 items
  • 182 items Explore
  • 8,408 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,282 items Explore
  • 7,292 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 3,273 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 11 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,532 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,637 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,286 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,146 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 248 items Explore
  • 71,166 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,063 items Explore
  • 2,833 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,302 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 16,904 items Explore
  • 5,549 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 332 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 32 items
  • 10,710 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,260 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 16,124 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 263 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Hardwick Hall's so-called 'Aeglentyne' [or Eglantine] Table - circa 1568

Category

Furniture

Date

circa 1568

Materials

The top walnut, limewood and fruitwood veneers on a deal core, inlaid with various woods, the base of ash with painted decoration to the stretchers

Measurements

90 x 302 x 129 cm

Place of origin

London

Order this image

Collection

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

High Great Chamber, Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 1127774

Caption

This table is one of the rarest surviving pieces of furniture in England, and has been a draw for those visiting Hardwick for centuries. It takes its name from the motto inlaid to the centre of its top, which refers to 'aeglentyne' or 'eglantine', the old word for a sweet briar rose. The rose was part of the Hardwick arms adopted by Bess of Hardwick; later the rose-collared stag would be adopted by the Cavendishes.

Summary

The so-called 'Aeglentyne' Table, probably London, circa 1568, the walnut, fruitwood and limewood top inlaid with various timbers in three bands of elaborate marquetry depicting musical instruments, musical scores, playing cards, gaming boards and strapwork containing armorials, symbols and mottoes of Cavendish, Hardwick and Talbot, all around a central cartouche inlaid with the motto 'THE * REDOLENT * SMLE * / * OF * AEGLENTYNE / WE * STAGGES * EXAVET * / TO * THE * DEVEYNE', the base of ash, and with tapering columnar form legs with depressed gadrooned capitals, and inlaid with alternate flowers and rings, the deep base rails applied with upper and lower mouldings inlaid with strapwork to the exterior and with conforming painted strapwork to their inner faces.

Full description

This table is one of the rarest surviving pieces of furniture in England, and has been a draw for those visiting Hardwick for centuries. It takes its name from the motto inlaid to the centre of its top, which refers to 'aeglentyne' or 'eglantine', the old word for a sweet briar rose. The rose was part of the Hardwick arms (Bess adopted it in favour of the cinquefoil used by other members of her family); later the rose-collared stag would be adopted by the Cavendishes. The table's heraldic and dynastic references strongly suggest that it was made to commemorate marriages made between the Cavendishes and Talbots in 1567 - 1568. In 1567, Bess of Hardwick (c. 1527 - 1608) married her fourth husband, George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury (c. 1528 - 1590), whilst Bess' eldest son, Henry Cavendish, married Lady Grace Talbot, the Earl's youngest daughter, on 9th February 1568. On the same day, Bess' second daughter, Mary Cavendish, married Gilbert Talbot, the Earl's second son and later 7th Earl of Shrewsbury, but arms commemorating this match do not appear to the table-top. Anthony Wells-Cole has shown that Jacob Floris's 'Compertimentorum quod vocant multiplex genus', published in Antwerp between 1566 and 1567, was the design inspiration behind the table's strapwork frieze, and this table does bear comparison to Flemish and German work of the 16th century, but the execution of the inlay, and motifs such as the floral slips, which feel English in design, suggest that this table may well have been made by craftsmen in London, possibly in Southwark. The thirteen musical instruments depicted include a four-course guitar, several viols and bows, a cittern, two shawms, bagpipes, a lute, a harp, a horn, a recorder, a sackbut and two cornetti. One of the depicted music books bears a four-part setting of 'O Lord in Thee is all my trust' by Thomas Tallis, which was first printed in London in 1563. It has been noted that the upper and lower boards which form the top are inlaid in a different manner. The lower frieze of gaming paraphernalia, two musical instruments, playing cards and a penner, being more 'staccato' and without the sixty-five various floral sprays which adorn the upper frieze of musical instruments and scores. The central board is of walnut; the upper and lower friezes are made up of fruitwood and limewood planks of various sizes. It is possible, therefore, to speculate that the central board may have been conceived as an independent panel, perhaps intended as part of wall paneling, and the two outer boards were an afterthought when the idea of the table was conceived. The 'Aeglentyne' Table's closest counterpart - the 'Burrell' table which is dated 1569 - also survives in a British collection, and the existence of both tables bearing English heraldic references reinforces the case that both were of London manufacture. The table cannot be identified with any certainty in the 1601 inventory. Margaret Jourdain suggested in 1924 that it may have been the 'inlayed table in the windowe' in the High Great Chamber, but there are several other tables at Hardwick which are candidates, such as 'an inlayde table' in the 'high gallerie'. It has recently been suggested that it bears a greater resemblance to the description of 'an inlayde table' with 'a flannel to cover it' in the 'highe gallerie' at Chatsworth, a room lined with inlaid and coloured paneling.

Provenance

Presumably made to commemorate the dynastic marriages in 1567/8 of Bess of Hardwick (c. 1527 - 1608), with her fourth husband, George Talbot, 6th Earl of Shrewsbury (c. 1528 - 1590), and two of their respective children. Thought to be either the 'inlayde table in the windowe' of the High Great Chamber, or - perhaps more likely - 'a long table Carved and inlayed' in the Low Great Chamber, recorded in the Hardwick Hall inventory of 1601. Horace Walpole noted in 1760 that the 'Aeglentyne' Table was in the High Great Chamber and it was still there in 1897 when the house was photographed by Country Life. Thence, by descent until transferred from the Treasury to the National Trust in 1984.

Marks and inscriptions

To table top: THE * REDOLENT * SMELE * OF * AEGLENTYNE WE * STAGGES * EXAVET * TO * THE * DEVEYNE To table top: Arms and armorials including Talbot impaling Hardwick, Cavendish impaling Talbot, and other crests and devices.

References

Jervis, Simon Swynfen, 'Furniture at Hardwick Hall - I' in Hardwick Hall: A Great Old Castle of Romance, eds., David Adshead and David Taylor (2016), 95 - 99 Macquoid, Percy, The dictionary of English furniture, MCMXXIV - MCMXXVII 1924-1927, Volume III, pp. 276 - 7 and Figure 1. Hardwick Hall. 1976., p. 91 Bostwick, 1995: David Bostwick. “The French walnut furniture at Hardwick Hall.” Furniture History 31 (1995): pp.1-6., pp. 1 - 6 and Figure 1. Wells-Cole 1997 Anthony Wells-Cole, Art and Decoration in Elizabethan and Jacobean England: the influence of continental prints, 1558-1625, New Haven & London 1997, p. 250 and Figures 418 - 420. Simon Jervis, 'Printed Furniture Designs before 1650' (London, 1974), pp. 24 - 26 and Figure 76 Collins (1976), David Collins, 'A 16th Century Manuscript in Wood: The Eglantine Table at Hardwick Hall' in Early Music, Volume IV, No. 3 (July, 1976), pp. 275 - 279 Leyland 1897, John Leyland, 'Country Homes: Hardwick Hall', Country Life 23rd October 1987, p. 436 Boynton and Thornton 1971 Lindsay Boynton and Peter Thornton, ‘The Hardwick Inventories of 1601’, Journal of the Furniture History Society, Vol.VII, 1971 , p. 27 [reference to table in High Great Chamber], p. 30 [reference to the table in the Low Great Chamber], and Plate 12.

View more details

Related articles