Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,443 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,767 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,530 items Explore
  • 5,004 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 10,629 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,583 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 5 items
  • 146 items Explore
  • 2,066 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,703 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,050 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,867 items Explore
  • 1,108 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,608 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 18,940 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 148 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,442 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,585 items Explore
  • 1,523 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 157 items Explore
  • 9,199 items Explore
  • 9,676 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,056 items Explore
  • 5,638 items Explore
  • 4,053 items Explore
  • 1,218 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,478 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,330 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,050 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 1,101 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,962 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 1 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3,040 items Explore
  • 1,489 items Explore
  • 80 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,111 items Explore
  • 1,186 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 844 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 2,396 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,381 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 31,947 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,312 items Explore
  • 260 items Explore
  • 7,943 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 713 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 158 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,552 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,560 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2,333 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 107 items
  • 2 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 131 items
  • 292 items
  • 852 items
  • 726 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 10,841 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,266 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 6,038 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,317 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,725 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,190 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,487 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,482 items Explore
  • 13,461 items Explore
  • 2,741 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 9,299 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,342 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 3,309 items Explore
  • 2,128 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 37,989 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,267 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 122 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,614 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,531 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 687 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 42 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,651 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 83 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,034 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,325 items Explore
  • 22,549 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,286 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,633 items Explore
  • 4,753 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,886 items Explore
  • 4,025 items Explore
  • 438 items Explore
  • 2,280 items Explore
  • 2,448 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,649 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 42 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,880 items Explore
  • 8,881 items Explore
  • 1,855 items Explore
  • 4,845 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,022 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,584 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,162 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 88 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 463 items
  • 1 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,607 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,400 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,700 items Explore
  • 1,200 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,546 items Explore
  • 900 items Explore
  • 2,015 items
  • 5,979 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,744 items Explore
  • 1,387 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,569 items Explore
  • 16,057 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 57 items
  • 5,740 items Explore
  • 8,022 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,319 items Explore
  • 283 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,320 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,452 items Explore
  • 7,003 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,465 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 334 items Explore
  • 12,228 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,615 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,195 items Explore
  • 2,217 items Explore
  • 731 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 1,088 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 70,188 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,640 items Explore
  • 2,835 items Explore
  • 30 items
  • 3,291 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,510 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 84 items
  • 29 items
  • 318 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,178 items Explore
  • 95 items
  • 815 items
  • 45 items
  • 9,661 items Explore
  • 26 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,167 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 15,499 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 6 items
  • 380 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,643 items Explore
  • 1,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 157 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Hardwick Hall's so-called 'Sea-Dog Table' - circa 1575

after Jacques Androuet du Cerceau

Category

Furniture

Date

circa 1570

Materials

Walnut, inlaid with various woods and marbles

Measurements

85 x 147 x 85 cm

Place of origin

Paris

Order this image

Collection

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Tobit Table Carpet Room, Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 1127744

Caption

This elaborate table, supported by four finely carved winged dogs with fishes' tails, has been at Hardwick Hall since at least 1601.

Summary

A marble-inlaid walnut 'drawing table', or draw-leaf table, France, probably Paris, circa 1570, of extremely fine quality and one of the most important pieces of sixteenth century furniture to survive in England. It stood in the same room in which it is now displayed when Hardwick's inventory was taken in 1601. The rectangular top sits upon a pair of leaves designed to be drawn out at either end but which fit beneath it when the table is not extended. Albeit originally covered in costly needlework, all three pieces of the top are inlaid with different marbles; verde antico at the ends, cipollino mandolato to the long edges and fior di pesco to the leaves. The central irregularly-shaped marble inlay to the main board - probably breccia di Seravezza - has probably been modified. Also inlaid in various woods with flowers and fruits and arabesque marquetry. Beneath the top, a stop-fluted and stiff leaf-carved frieze is centred by a tablet carved with floral festoons and a lion mask. The base is formed from four recumbent mythical beasts resembling chimera but with hound-like heads, which were later described as the 'sea-dogs' from which the table's popular name derives. Evidence suggests that these dogs, and possibly other parts of the table, were originally gilt. The top supported by gadrooned and turned balusters (possibly modified) and a plinth upon which the sea-dogs rest, with panels of black and gold paint scumbled to simulate marble within gilt borders. The feet, which are probably replacements, take the form of sea turtles. A central support is possibly missing, or may have been re-sited.

Full description

Attributed to France on the basis of its marble inlay, a feature of fashionable French furniture of the late 16th century, inspired by Roman and Florentine examples. A table of this type - with leaves designed to 'draw' at either end - is depicted in the designs of Jacques I Androuet du Cerceau (1510 - 1584) who worked in Orleans and Paris. A design of his, circa 1565 - 70, shows three variant sea-dogs; the central example is clearly the model for this table's supports. Hughes Sambin (1520 - 1601) used a tortoise as the base for two terms in a collection printed in 1572. It is known that Bess had 'bedsteads, tables, cupboards, stools etc., varnished like brass [presumably gilded]...bought in France' in her possession in 1586 (purchased by the Earl of Shrewsbury for £100) and the 1601 Hardwick inventory mentions a suite of stools - possibly originally en suite with this table - inlaid with marble and specifically calls them 'French'. In addition, Mary, Queen of Scots, the charge of the Earl of Shrewsbury between 1568 and 1584, is known to have sent one of her valets de chamber, Ange Marie, to France to secure furniture late in 1570, and in 1577 corresponded about procuring beds and candlesticks from Paris for Shrewsbury. Elizabeth I is shown enthroned on a chair with front legs very similar to the 'sea-dogs' in a drawing of 1575. This is the only piece of furniture at Hardwick which can unequivocally be identified with its description in the 1601 inventory. (Megan Wheeler, 2017)

Provenance

Recorded in the 1601 inventory of Hardwick Hall as in the 'with drawing Chamber' - 'a drawing table Carved and guilt standing upon, sea doges inlayde with marble stones and wood, a Carpet for it of nedleworke of the story of David and Saule with a gold fringe and trimmed with blewe taffetie sarcenet.' By descent until, following the death of Edward William Spencer Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire (1895 - 1950), Hardwick Hall and its contents were accepted by HM Treasury in part payment of death duties and transferred to the National Trust, in 1959.

Makers and roles

after Jacques Androuet du Cerceau, designer

References

Boynton and Thornton 1971 Lindsay Boynton and Peter Thornton, ‘The Hardwick Inventories of 1601’, Journal of the Furniture History Society, Vol.VII, 1971 , p. 27 and illustrated Plate 9b. Bostwick, 1995: David Bostwick. “The French walnut furniture at Hardwick Hall.” Furniture History 31 (1995): pp.1-6. Strong 1973, Roy Strong, Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I (1973), p. 101 Jourdain 1927, Margaret Jourdain, 'French Renaissance Furniture at Hardwick Hall', Country Life, April 30th 1927, lv - lix. Jervis, Simon Swynfen, 'Furniture at Hardwick Hall - I' in Hardwick Hall: A Great Old Castle of Romance, eds., David Adshead and David Taylor (2016), 87 - 90

View more details