Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,443 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 10,025 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,412 items Explore
  • 4,913 items Explore
  • 71 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 9,431 items Explore
  • 13,011 items Explore
  • 4,336 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,039 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,683 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,170 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,810 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,279 items Explore
  • 410 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 8 items
  • 16,917 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 109 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 896 items Explore
  • 832 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,956 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,352 items Explore
  • 1,506 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,650 items Explore
  • 8,917 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,732 items Explore
  • 5,411 items Explore
  • 4,030 items Explore
  • 943 items Explore
  • 911 items Explore
  • 3,090 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,243 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 726 items Explore
  • 845 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,088 items Explore
  • 1,004 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 5,991 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 24 items
  • 58 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,841 items Explore
  • 1,311 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,447 items Explore
  • 1,099 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 955 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 820 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 279 items Explore
  • 2,273 items
  • 2,503 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,685 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 197 items Explore
  • 7,410 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,181 items Explore
  • 820 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 19,175 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,999 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,018 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 57 items
  • 419 items
  • 3,280 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 443 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 114 items
  • 272 items
  • 764 items
  • 718 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 698 items Explore
  • 5,852 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 5,002 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,271 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,306 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,770 items Explore
  • 183 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 981 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,919 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 192 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 115 items
  • 3,197 items Explore
  • 12,473 items Explore
  • 2,732 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,980 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,312 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 12,571 items Explore
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 1,976 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 162 items
  • 34,655 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,270 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 29 items
  • 64 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,565 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,108 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,825 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 195 items
  • 882 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,058 items Explore
  • 962 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,800 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,872 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,540 items Explore
  • 20,479 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1,187 items
  • 170 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 80 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 9,989 items Explore
  • 3,527 items Explore
  • 2,616 items Explore
  • 4,669 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,345 items Explore
  • 4,029 items Explore
  • 460 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,883 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,280 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 5,402 items Explore
  • 8,908 items Explore
  • 1,828 items Explore
  • 3,303 items Explore
  • 3,331 items Explore
  • 8,825 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,524 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,866 items Explore
  • 615 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 16 items
  • 141 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 72 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 458 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,000 items
  • 3,563 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 43 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,987 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,017 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 9,989 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 2,007 items
  • 5,097 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,328 items Explore
  • 1,338 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,540 items Explore
  • 15,850 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 41 items
  • 5,410 items Explore
  • 7,530 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,908 items Explore
  • 245 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 423 items
  • 166 items Explore
  • 7,445 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 21,513 items Explore
  • 6,593 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 557 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 3 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 11,169 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,305 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,244 items Explore
  • 2,213 items Explore
  • 718 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,081 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 58,284 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,595 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,108 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 15,332 items Explore
  • 5,119 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 330 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,067 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,386 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,038 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 52 items
  • 14,293 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,641 items Explore
  • 893 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Hardwick Hall's so-called 'Sea-Dog Table' - circa 1575

after Jacques Androuet du Cerceau

Category

Furniture

Date

circa 1570

Materials

Walnut, inlaid with various woods and marbles

Measurements

85 x 147 x 85 cm

Place of origin

Paris

Order this image

Collection

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 1127744

Caption

This elaborate table, supported by four finely carved winged dogs with fishes' tails, has been at Hardwick Hall since at least 1601.

Summary

A marble-inlaid walnut 'drawing table', or draw-leaf table, France, probably Paris, circa 1570, of extremely fine quality and one of the most important pieces of sixteenth century furniture to survive in England. It stood in the same room in which it is now displayed when Hardwick's inventory was taken in 1601. The rectangular top sits upon a pair of leaves designed to be drawn out at either end but which fit beneath it when the table is not extended. Albeit originally covered in costly needlework, all three pieces of the top are inlaid with different marbles; verde antico at the ends, cipollino mandolato to the long edges and fior di pesco to the leaves. The central irregularly-shaped marble inlay to the main board - probably breccia di Seravezza - has probably been modified. Also inlaid in various woods with flowers and fruits and arabesque marquetry. Beneath the top, a stop-fluted and stiff leaf-carved frieze is centred by a tablet carved with floral festoons and a lion mask. The base is formed from four recumbent mythical beasts resembling chimera but with hound-like heads, which were later described as the 'sea-dogs' from which the table's popular name derives. Evidence suggests that these dogs, and possibly other parts of the table, were originally gilt. The top supported by gadrooned and turned balusters (possibly modified) and a plinth upon which the sea-dogs rest, with panels of black and gold paint scumbled to simulate marble within gilt borders. The feet, which are probably replacements, take the form of sea turtles. A central support is possibly missing, or may have been re-sited.

Full description

Attributed to France on the basis of its marble inlay, a feature of fashionable French furniture of the late 16th century, inspired by Roman and Florentine examples. A table of this type - with leaves designed to 'draw' at either end - is depicted in the designs of Jacques I Androuet du Cerceau (1510 - 1584) who worked in Orleans and Paris. A design of his, circa 1565 - 70, shows three variant sea-dogs; the central example is clearly the model for this table's supports. Hughes Sambin (1520 - 1601) used a tortoise as the base for two terms in a collection printed in 1572. It is known that Bess had 'bedsteads, tables, cupboards, stools etc., varnished like brass [presumably gilded]...bought in France' in her possession in 1586 (purchased by the Earl of Shrewsbury for £100) and the 1601 Hardwick inventory mentions a suite of stools - possibly originally en suite with this table - inlaid with marble and specifically calls them 'French'. In addition, Mary, Queen of Scots, the charge of the Earl of Shrewsbury between 1568 and 1584, is known to have sent one of her valets de chamber, Ange Marie, to France to secure furniture late in 1570, and in 1577 corresponded about procuring beds and candlesticks from Paris for Shrewsbury. Elizabeth I is shown enthroned on a chair with front legs very similar to the 'sea-dogs' in a drawing of 1575. This is the only piece of furniture at Hardwick which can unequivocally be identified with its description in the 1601 inventory. (Megan Wheeler, 2017)

Provenance

Recorded in the 1601 inventory of Hardwick Hall as in the 'with drawing Chamber' - 'a drawing table Carved and guilt standing upon, sea doges inlayde with marble stones and wood, a Carpet for it of nedleworke of the story of David and Saule with a gold fringe and trimmed with blewe taffetie sarcenet.' By descent until, following the death of Edward William Spencer Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire (1895 - 1950), Hardwick Hall and its contents were accepted by HM Treasury in part payment of death duties and transferred to the National Trust, in 1959.

Makers and roles

after Jacques Androuet du Cerceau, designer

References

Boynton and Thornton 1971 Lindsay Boynton and Peter Thornton, ‘The Hardwick Inventories of 1601’, Journal of the Furniture History Society, Vol.VII, 1971 , p. 27 and illustrated Plate 9b. Bostwick, 1995: David Bostwick. “The French walnut furniture at Hardwick Hall.” Furniture History 31 (1995): pp.1-6. Strong 1973, Roy Strong, Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I (1973), p. 101 Jourdain 1927, Margaret Jourdain, 'French Renaissance Furniture at Hardwick Hall', Country Life, April 30th 1927, lv - lix. Jervis, Simon Swynfen, 'Furniture at Hardwick Hall - I' in Hardwick Hall: A Great Old Castle of Romance, eds., David Adshead and David Taylor (2016), 87 - 90

View more details