Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 32 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,514 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 41 items
  • 9,885 items Explore
  • 208 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,415 items Explore
  • 4,945 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 104 items Explore
  • 9,277 items Explore
  • 13,023 items Explore
  • 2,386 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 2,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,667 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,099 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,912 items Explore
  • 959 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,906 items Explore
  • 406 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 15,544 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 70 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 55 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 106 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 899 items Explore
  • 833 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 23,168 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,372 items Explore
  • 1,496 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 192 items Explore
  • 7,630 items Explore
  • 8,896 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,736 items Explore
  • 5,362 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 857 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 2,490 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,672 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 309 items Explore
  • 727 items Explore
  • 784 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,037 items Explore
  • 986 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 5,175 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 1 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 23 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,898 items Explore
  • 3,237 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 17,782 items Explore
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 204 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 311 items
  • 878 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 529 items Explore
  • 1,665 items
  • 1,344 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,685 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 29,666 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,052 items Explore
  • 190 items Explore
  • 6,812 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 715 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 65 items
  • 157 items
  • 52 items
  • 19,040 items Explore
  • 824 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 17,763 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 1,864 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 371 items
  • 3,262 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 473 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 113 items
  • 272 items
  • 333 items
  • 765 items
  • 717 items
  • 1 items
  • 342 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,351 items Explore
  • 695 items Explore
  • 5,847 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,927 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,123 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,418 items Explore
  • 181 items
  • 19 items
  • 141 items
  • 7 items
  • 984 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,529 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 698 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,184 items Explore
  • 12,218 items Explore
  • 2,705 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7,737 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,399 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,503 items Explore
  • 3,289 items Explore
  • 1,665 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 27,963 items Explore
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,039 items Explore
  • 177 items
  • 1 items
  • 16 items
  • 30 items
  • 47 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 215 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,769 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 15,263 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 2,812 items Explore
  • 853 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 191 items
  • 591 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,023 items Explore
  • 780 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,783 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 46 items
  • 634 items Explore
  • 2,867 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 7,045 items Explore
  • 18,186 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,194 items
  • 140 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 9,780 items Explore
  • 3,484 items Explore
  • 2,619 items Explore
  • 4,676 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 56 items
  • 5,834 items Explore
  • 4,025 items Explore
  • 461 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,762 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,273 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 366 items Explore
  • 5,769 items Explore
  • 8,880 items Explore
  • 1,828 items Explore
  • 2,142 items Explore
  • 3,297 items Explore
  • 8,391 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 2,468 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,692 items Explore
  • 614 items Explore
  • 61 items
  • 16 items
  • 137 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 466 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,562 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,228 items Explore
  • 45 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,895 items Explore
  • 1,233 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,817 items Explore
  • 779 items Explore
  • 1,975 items
  • 4,956 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,335 items Explore
  • 1,335 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,546 items Explore
  • 15,860 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 26 items
  • 5,408 items Explore
  • 7,525 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 11 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,571 items Explore
  • 249 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 147 items Explore
  • 7,277 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 21,701 items Explore
  • 6,599 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 5 items
  • 544 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 161 items Explore
  • 10,842 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 67 items
  • 4 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,215 items Explore
  • 1,867 items Explore
  • 567 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,064 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 56,519 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,626 items Explore
  • 2,638 items Explore
  • 149 items
  • 3,238 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 11,404 items Explore
  • 5,341 items
  • 7 items
  • 658 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 40 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 414 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,059 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 715 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,362 items Explore
  • 9 items
  • 947 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 14,177 items Explore
  • 93 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 545 items Explore
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 828 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Hardwick Hall's so-called 'Sea-Dog Table' - circa 1575

after Jacques Androuet du Cerceau

Category

Furniture

Date

circa 1570

Materials

Walnut, inlaid with various woods and marbles

Measurements

85 x 147 x 85 cm

Place of origin

Paris

Order this image

Collection

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 1127744

Caption

This elaborate table, supported by four finely carved winged dogs with fishes' tails, has been at Hardwick Hall since at least 1601

Summary

A marble-inlaid walnut 'drawing table', or draw-leaf table, France, probably Paris, circa 1570, of extremely fine quality and one of the most important pieces of sixteenth century furniture to survive in England. It stood in the same room in which it is now displayed when Hardwick's inventory was taken in 1601. The rectangular top sits upon a pair of leaves designed to be drawn out at either end but which fit beneath it when the table is not extended. Albeit originally covered in costly needlework, all three pieces of the top are inlaid with different marbles; verde antico at the ends, cipollino mandolato to the long edges and fior di pesco to the leaves. The central irregularly-shaped marble inlay to the main board - probably breccia di Seravezza - has probably been modified. Also inlaid in various woods with flowers and fruits and arabesque marquetry. Beneath the top, a stop-fluted and stiff leaf-carved frieze is centred by a tablet carved with floral festoons and a lion mask. The base is formed from four recumbent mythical beasts resembling chimera but with hound-like heads, which were later described as the 'sea-dogs' from which the table's popular name derives. Evidence suggests that these dogs, and possibly other parts of the table, were originally gilt. The top supported by gadrooned and turned balusters (possibly modified) and a plinth upon which the sea-dogs rest, with panels of black and gold paint scumbled to simulate marble within gilt borders. The feet, which are probably replacements, take the form of sea turtles. A central support is possibly missing, or may have been re-sited.

Full description

Attributed to France on the basis of its marble inlay, a feature of fashionable French furniture of the late 16th century, inspired by Roman and Florentine examples. A table of this type - with leaves designed to 'draw' at either end - is depicted in the designs of Jacques I Androuet du Cerceau (1510 - 1584) who worked in Orleans and Paris. A design of his, circa 1565 - 70, shows three variant sea-dogs; the central example is clearly the model for this table's supports. Hughes Sambin (1520 - 1601) used a tortoise as the base for two terms in a collection printed in 1572. It is known that Bess had 'bedsteads, tables, cupboards, stools etc., varnished like brass [presumably gilded]...bought in France' in her possession in 1586 (purchased by the Earl of Shrewsbury for £100) and the 1601 Hardwick inventory mentions a suite of stools - possibly originally en suite with this table - inlaid with marble and specifically calls them 'French'. In addition, Mary, Queen of Scots, the charge of the Earl of Shrewsbury between 1568 and 1584, is known to have sent one of her valets de chamber, Ange Marie, to France to secure furniture late in 1570, and in 1577 corresponded about procuring beds and candlesticks from Paris for Shrewsbury. Elizabeth I is shown enthroned on a chair with front legs very similar to the 'sea-dogs' in a drawing of 1575. This is the only piece of furniture at Hardwick which can unequivocally be identified with its description in the 1601 inventory.

Provenance

Recorded in the 1601 inventory of Hardwick Hall as in the 'with drawing Chamber' - 'a drawing table Carved and guilt standing upon, sea doges inlayde with marble stones and wood, a Carpet for it of nedleworke of the story of David and Saule with a gold fringe and trimmed with blewe taffetie sarcenet.' By descent until, following the death of Edward William Spencer Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire (1895 - 1950), Hardwick Hall and its contents were accepted by HM Treasury in part payment of death duties and transferred to the National Trust, in 1959.

Credit line

(Megan Wheeler, 2017)

Makers and roles

after Jacques Androuet du Cerceau, designer

References

Boynton and Thornton 1971 Lindsay Boynton and Peter Thornton, ‘The Hardwick Inventories of 1601’, Journal of the Furniture History Society, Vol.VII, 1971 , p. 27 and illustrated Plate 9b. Bostwick, 1995: David Bostwick. “The French walnut furniture at Hardwick Hall.” Furniture History 31 (1995): pp.1-6. Strong 1973, Roy Strong, Portraits of Queen Elizabeth I (1973), p. 101 Jourdain 1927, Margaret Jourdain, 'French Renaissance Furniture at Hardwick Hall', Country Life, April 30th 1927, lv - lix. Jervis, Simon Swynfen, 'Furniture at Hardwick Hall - I' in Hardwick Hall: A Great Old Castle of Romance, eds., David Adshead and David Taylor (2016), 87 - 90

View more details