Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 1 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 24 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,513 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 39 items
  • 9,882 items Explore
  • 208 items Explore
  • 1,210 items Explore
  • 7,419 items Explore
  • 4,945 items Explore
  • 75 items Explore
  • 104 items Explore
  • 9,263 items Explore
  • 154 items Explore
  • 4,284 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 2,014 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,690 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 17,940 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,901 items Explore
  • 973 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,209 items Explore
  • 400 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 14,850 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 70 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 20 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 55 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 133 items
  • 2 items
  • 107 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 903 items Explore
  • 833 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 22,113 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,243 items Explore
  • 1,452 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 192 items Explore
  • 7,656 items Explore
  • 8,887 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,745 items Explore
  • 5,339 items Explore
  • 4,027 items Explore
  • 848 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 2,467 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 314 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,472 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 304 items Explore
  • 727 items Explore
  • 775 items Explore
  • 454 items Explore
  • 908 items Explore
  • 894 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 5,152 items Explore
  • 165 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 22 items
  • 58 items
  • 302 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3,243 items Explore
  • 1,209 items Explore
  • 69 items
  • 43 items
  • 17,382 items Explore
  • 1,090 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 43 items
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 1 items
  • 23 items
  • 116 items
  • 311 items
  • 962 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 530 items Explore
  • 1,665 items
  • 562 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,727 items Explore
  • 29,153 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,055 items Explore
  • 185 items Explore
  • 6,757 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 721 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 65 items
  • 157 items
  • 52 items
  • 18,599 items Explore
  • 824 items
  • 17 items
  • 15,733 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1,862 items Explore
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 371 items
  • 3,263 items Explore
  • 79 items
  • 1 items
  • 473 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 19 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 112 items
  • 272 items
  • 760 items
  • 726 items
  • 1 items
  • 342 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,405 items Explore
  • 689 items Explore
  • 5,845 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,788 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 5,123 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 9,145 items Explore
  • 6,291 items Explore
  • 181 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 845 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,889 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 193 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 698 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 114 items
  • 3,178 items Explore
  • 12,071 items Explore
  • 2,696 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 7,375 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,530 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,855 items Explore
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 1,619 items Explore
  • 162 items
  • 27,323 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 634 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 20,895 items Explore
  • 102 items
  • 1 items
  • 14 items
  • 30 items
  • 814 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 192 items Explore
  • 14,769 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 2,163 items Explore
  • 855 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 1 items
  • 187 items
  • 587 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 15 items
  • 2,085 items Explore
  • 782 items Explore
  • 1,839 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 30 items
  • 637 items Explore
  • 2,646 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 5,125 items Explore
  • 13,790 items Explore
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,194 items
  • 169 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 7 items
  • 77 items
  • 9,778 items Explore
  • 3,483 items Explore
  • 2,618 items Explore
  • 4,670 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 56 items
  • 5,833 items Explore
  • 4,028 items Explore
  • 463 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 1,754 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,273 items Explore
  • 41 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 346 items Explore
  • 5,671 items Explore
  • 8,633 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,850 items Explore
  • 2,148 items Explore
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 7,206 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 2,480 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 542 items Explore
  • 614 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 16 items
  • 137 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 466 items
  • 8 items
  • 934 items
  • 3,572 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,162 items Explore
  • 46 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 44 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,861 items Explore
  • 1,188 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 4,804 items Explore
  • 768 items Explore
  • 1,977 items
  • 4,069 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,050 items Explore
  • 1,333 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,553 items Explore
  • 15,761 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 26 items
  • 5,407 items Explore
  • 6,767 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 11 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,087 items Explore
  • 248 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 5 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 423 items
  • 117 items Explore
  • 7,261 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 20,166 items Explore
  • 6,606 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 154 items Explore
  • 279 items
  • 1 items
  • 94 items Explore
  • 10,842 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 67 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 2,970 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 1,426 items Explore
  • 567 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,079 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 253 items Explore
  • 55,320 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,627 items Explore
  • 2,658 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,223 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 10,368 items Explore
  • 5,339 items
  • 7 items
  • 657 items Explore
  • 87 items
  • 468 items
  • 40 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 415 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,057 items Explore
  • 84 items
  • 461 items
  • 46 items
  • 7,583 items Explore
  • 9 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,969 items Explore
  • 93 items
  • 17 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 543 items Explore
  • 1,660 items Explore
  • 704 items Explore
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Called Mrs Siddons as 'Rosalind' (after Master Thomas Haden as 'Edwin' from Dr Beattie's 'Minstrel' by Wright of Derby)

Joseph Wright of Derby, ARA (Derby 1734 - Derby 1797)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

circa 1778

Materials

Oil on panel

Measurements

240 x 165 mm

Order this image

Collection

Smallhythe Place, Kent (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Smallhythe Place, Kent, London and South East, National Trust

NT 1118224

Summary

Oil painting on panel, Called Mrs Siddons as 'Rosalind' (after Master Thomas Haden as 'Edwin' from Dr Beattie's 'Minstrel' by Wright of Derby) by Joseph Wright of Derby, ARA, (Derby 1734 - Derby 1797), inscribed on reverse by Henry Irving stating that the picture was given to H. Irving by Miss C. Gretta Morritt of Rokeby, Barnard Castle on 8th July 1893, and given by him to Ellen Terry. (Pencil note 'Incorrect - related picture. This is a copy of Edwin (from Dr James Beattie's 'Minstrel, or the Progress of Genius', 1774), which was exhibited at the Royal Academy in 1778 and which now belongs to Lady Cynthia Colville'). (Further handwritten note attached to inventory card states 'The sketch by Joseph Wright of Derby. I have an engraving of this picture by Seymour Halan on which it is described as a portrait of Haydon's grandfather).

Full description

The subject of Edwin is taken from Book 1 of Dr. James Beattie's long poem, The Ministrel; or The Progress of Genius, written in 123 Spenserian stanzas. Book 1 was published in 1771 and Book II was added to it and published in a new edition (probably the edition that Wright used) in 1774 under Dr Beattie's name. The Minstrel was an important and comparatively early romantic response to the sublime aspects of nature. As a narrative of a young poet drawing his education and inspiration from nature, it foreshadows Wordsworth's Prelude by many decades. It had a profound influence on Wright and perhaps helped make him increasingly aware in the 1770s of landscape as a paintable presence. The whole poem, though unfinished, was received so enthusiastically that it went into numerous editions in the author's lifetime. Although not a household name or well-known text now, visitors to the Royal Academy of 1778 - Wright's first time exhibiting there - could be expected to have read or heard of The Minstrel. Edwin, 'the visionary boy' who is the 'son of a shepherd-swain of low degree', is sensitive and solitary and grows up free to roam and be responsive to all of nature's moods. He prefers above all to frequent 'the deep untrodden groves' and this is where Wright chooses to depict him in front of rocky outcrop musing in contemplative solitude and thought. Wright sees Edwin as a youthful image of melancholy, perhaps taking his cue from stanza XXII: Even sad vicissitude amused his soul: And if a sigh would sometimes intervene And down his cheek a tear of pity roll A sigh, a tear, so sweet he wished not to control... When his painting of Edwin was at an advanced stage, Wright sought advice from the author. On 18 January 1778 he wrote to Dr. Beattie describing the work, 'I have made him a beautiful youth of 16 or 17 years of age, sitting under a rock on ellevated ground which cuts upon a Mountainous Distance. He holds a small pipe in his right hand and reclines his Cheek upon his left, he looks Contemplative and penetrating - his dress is plain and simple, something of the old English dress with a loose cloak and his hair in wavy locks about his Shoulders..'. Concerned that the painting did not contain enough clues to Edwin's identity, Wright sought advice from the author on a few lines that he should engrave on the rock behind the boy. Dr Beattie replied and suggested the following lines that the artist duly added: 'exulting view'd in Nature's frame Goodness untainted, wisdom unconfined Grace grandeur and Utility combined'. As Nicolson points out the artist drew on two studies in his Roman sketchbook of 1774 for the pose of the young boy (Wright, I, p. 63). The first, one of a seated boy asleep with his head in his hands and the second a drawing of a boy standing with one foot on a low wall, his head supported in his hand (fig. 2). The model for the boy in Edwin was, according to Bembridge, Thomas Haden, later a successful surgeon in Derby and the son of a friend of the artist. Nicolson identifies a drawing in a private collection (fig. 3) as a preliminary pencil study of the boy for Edwin in which he wears a Van Dyck dress, seemingly leaning against a wall. The related, newly discovered work appears to have played a critical part in the process of the production of the large-scale exhibition painting. It must be the portrait study from life of young Thomas Haden which the artist then used as the prototype for Edwin. In it the artist evolved the most soulful pose for Edwin that was to become the standard for later contemplative figures: seated, head-on-hand, one knee crossed over the other. He was to repeat this pose in his Maria of 1781, The Indian Widow (both Derby Art Gallery) and Mrs. Morewood (private collection). The head in the present work has an immediacy and freshness to it that is lost in the large-scale exhibition painting of Edwin. The related portrait was painted on a standard 30 x 25 inch canvas normally used by Wright for half-length portraits. However, in this instance the artist has turned the canvas on its side so that the left arm and hand of the sitter as well as the head could be included. There are significant differences in the costume of the boy in the two works: in ours, the pinkish-brown jacket with its slashed sleeves and frilly shirt is closer to a van Dyck-type dress whereas in Edwin, the pale jacket is plainer and blue, a color associated with melancholy. Furthermore, in the present portrait the artist does not include any of the specific references to Dr. Beattie's character such as the pipe or the inscription behind the figure. He does, however, pose Thomas Haden against a rocky outcrop with beautiful passages of dragged paint, some using a palate knife to articulate the mossy, vegetative surface of the rock-face. Although, nothing is yet known about the early provenance of the related work it is possible that the artist gave it to the Haden family. Another, similarly informal portrait study of Thomas's twin daughters, Anna and Sarah Haden, was painted by the artist late in his career (fig. 4; private collection). (from http://www.christies.com/LotFinder/LotDetailsPrintable.aspx?intObjectID=4892977)

Provenance

Given to Henry Irving by Miss C. Gretta Morritt on 8th July 1893, and given by him to Ellen Terry; acquired with Smallhythe Place by National Trust in 1939

Marks and inscriptions

on reverse by Henry Irving note to state that 'the picture was given to H. Irving by Miss C. Gretta Morritt of Rokeby, Barnard Castle on 8th July 1893 and given by him to Ellen Terry'

Makers and roles

Joseph Wright of Derby, ARA (Derby 1734 - Derby 1797), artist

View more details