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Daniel before Nebuchadnezzar

Salomon Koninck (Amsterdam 1609 – Amsterdam 1656)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

1630 - 1656

Materials

Oil on canvas

Measurements

(65 x 65 in) 1650 x 1650 mm

Place of origin

Netherlands

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Collection

Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 108892

Summary

Oil painting on canvas, Daniel before Nebuchadnezzar by Salomon Koninck (Amsterdam 1609 – Amsterdam 1656). Nebuchadnezzar seated on throne raised on a stepped dais, centre left, he is turned three-quarters to right, looking down; dressed in cloak with jewelled embroidered edges fastened with jewelled clasp on chest, bearded with jewelled cap from which ascend two straight white plumes of feathers; Daniel, turned to left, profile, kneeling on left knee, at bottom of stairs, dressed in long yellow/gold robe with belt the index finger of his right hand pointing to the thumb on his left; various figures are clustered around the king and behind Daniel; architectural setting of niches some with statues, and large drapes over the throne. Formerly thought to be by Rembrandt, this picture is by one of his most able imitators, who here creates a memorable image of his own. It portrays the episode when the prophet Daniel told King Nebuchadnezzar the meaning of his dream of the image with feet of clay. In this position by circa 1787, replacing a ruin-piece by Griffier. Over the chimneypiece in the Libarary at Kedleston Hall is Daniel before Nebuchadnezzar, which was once attributed to Rembrandt, but is actually by one of his ablest imitators, Salomon Koninck. Nebuchadezzar, the creater of the Hanging Gardens of Babylon and the most powerful ruler of his age, dreamt of a statue made of gold, silver, bronze and iron, but with feet of clay. Daniel interprets this as foretelling the end of his kingdom. Hence expression 'feet of clay'.

Provenance

In the Library at Kedleston since 1787; bought with part of the contents of Kedleston with the aid of the National Heritage Memorial Fund in 1987 when the house and park were given to the National Trust by Francis Curzon, 3rd Viscount Scarsdale (1924-2000)

Credit line

Kedleston Hall, The Scarsdale Collection (acquired with the help of the National Heritage Memorial Fund and transferred to The National Trust in 1987)

Marks and inscriptions

Verso: Label on stretcher of W. Freeman & Son Ltd, dated 3.2.65, and numbered: 95 [evidently from lining and restoration in 1965]

Makers and roles

Salomon Koninck (Amsterdam 1609 – Amsterdam 1656), artist of original previously catalogued as attributed to Rembrandt van Rijn (Leyden 1606 – Amsterdam 1669), artist of original previously catalogued as attributed to Gerbrand Jansz van den Eeckhout (Amsterdam 1621 – Amsterdam 1674), artist of original

References

Bray 1778 William Bray, Sketch of a Tour into Derbyshire and Yorkshire, 1778, p. 69-70 Waagen 1854 Gustav Waagen, Treasures of Art in Great Britain, 3 vols. (translated by Lady Eastlake), London, 1854 and with a supplementary volume: Galleries and Cabinets of Art in Great Britain, London 1857, p.391 Anon 1874 “The Private Collections of England. No.X – Kedleston Hall”, The Athenæum, 1 August 1874, no.2440, p.150, no.2440, p. 151 Sumowski 1983-1990 Werner Sumowski, Gemälde der Rembrandt-Schüler, Landau/Pfalz, 5 vols 1983-1990, III, 1983, no.1078

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