Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 47 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,431 items Explore
  • 89 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 41 items
  • 10,030 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,211 items Explore
  • 7,439 items Explore
  • 4,898 items Explore
  • 71 items Explore
  • 122 items Explore
  • 9,470 items Explore
  • 13,011 items Explore
  • 4,336 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 41 items
  • 5 items
  • 127 items Explore
  • 2,039 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,683 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 18,209 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,811 items Explore
  • 960 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,281 items Explore
  • 410 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 923 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 8 items
  • 17,151 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 134 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 109 items Explore
  • 116 items
  • 896 items Explore
  • 810 items
  • 91 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 24,445 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,355 items Explore
  • 1,509 items Explore
  • 352 items
  • 191 items Explore
  • 7,751 items Explore
  • 8,917 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,726 items Explore
  • 5,439 items Explore
  • 4,062 items Explore
  • 936 items Explore
  • 898 items Explore
  • 3,133 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,275 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 313 items Explore
  • 725 items Explore
  • 834 items Explore
  • 476 items Explore
  • 1,024 items Explore
  • 1,010 items
  • 89 items
  • 124 items Explore
  • 6,263 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 24 items
  • 58 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,841 items Explore
  • 1,331 items Explore
  • 70 items
  • 43 items
  • 18,498 items Explore
  • 1,086 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 761 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 822 items Explore
  • 1,893 items
  • 2 items
  • 278 items Explore
  • 2,344 items
  • 2,501 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,683 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 29,686 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,067 items Explore
  • 235 items Explore
  • 7,528 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 720 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 156 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,354 items Explore
  • 820 items
  • 17 items
  • 2 items
  • 19,678 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2,110 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,018 items Explore
  • 57 items
  • 419 items
  • 3,280 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 446 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 20 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 68 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 114 items
  • 273 items
  • 764 items
  • 718 items
  • 1 items
  • 341 items Explore
  • 459 items Explore
  • 10,349 items Explore
  • 711 items Explore
  • 5,852 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 5,042 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,272 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 9,171 items Explore
  • 6,976 items Explore
  • 179 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 981 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 3,920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 192 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,485 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 17 items
  • 115 items
  • 3,346 items Explore
  • 12,479 items Explore
  • 2,728 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,216 items Explore
  • 34 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,325 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 12,589 items Explore
  • 3,294 items Explore
  • 2,004 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 162 items
  • 35,640 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 21,433 items Explore
  • 195 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 29 items
  • 64 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,564 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,108 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 13 items
  • 25 items
  • 3,908 items Explore
  • 859 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 198 items
  • 621 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,056 items Explore
  • 1,521 items Explore
  • 14 items
  • 1,800 items Explore
  • 135 items
  • 73 items
  • 699 items Explore
  • 2,923 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 9,667 items Explore
  • 20,684 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,188 items
  • 178 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 7 items
  • 80 items
  • 10,074 items Explore
  • 3,542 items Explore
  • 2,612 items Explore
  • 4,669 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 57 items
  • 6,354 items Explore
  • 4,052 items Explore
  • 449 items Explore
  • 2,255 items Explore
  • 2,234 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,275 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 32 items
  • 216 items Explore
  • 353 items Explore
  • 5,403 items Explore
  • 8,946 items Explore
  • 1,854 items Explore
  • 3,592 items Explore
  • 3,331 items Explore
  • 8,830 items Explore
  • 72 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,527 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,952 items Explore
  • 617 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 16 items
  • 141 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 72 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 455 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,000 items
  • 3 items
  • 3,561 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8,309 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 12,994 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 9,990 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 2,006 items
  • 5,096 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,350 items Explore
  • 1,346 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,538 items Explore
  • 15,861 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 41 items
  • 5,405 items Explore
  • 7,530 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,005 items Explore
  • 245 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 423 items
  • 166 items Explore
  • 7,527 items Explore
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 21,632 items Explore
  • 6,605 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 548 items Explore
  • 325 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 11,431 items Explore
  • 54 items
  • 16 items
  • 5 items
  • 3 items
  • 314 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 172 items
  • 3,368 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,244 items Explore
  • 2,214 items Explore
  • 714 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 1,081 items Explore
  • 96 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 59,019 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,628 items Explore
  • 2,595 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 3,149 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 15,564 items Explore
  • 5,120 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 627 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 3 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 72 items
  • 29 items
  • 334 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,067 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 713 items
  • 46 items
  • 8,468 items Explore
  • 25 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,038 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 52 items
  • 14,286 items Explore
  • 90 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 5 items
  • 302 items
  • 2 items
  • 547 items Explore
  • 1,641 items Explore
  • 896 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 154 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Nostell Priory's Barometer and its 'very neat case': 1768 - 1770

Justin Vulliamy (1712 - 1797)

Category

Horology

Date

24 Jun 1768 (first referred to) - 28 Nov 1770 (date of bill for alterations)

Materials

Tulipwood, softwood, oak, limewood, ebonised hardwood, brass, steel, iron, mercury, ivory, glass, gilding, silvering

Measurements

130 x 42 x 12 cm

Place of origin

68 Pall Mall, London

Order this image

Collection

Nostell Priory, West Yorkshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Nostell Priory, West Yorkshire, North, National Trust

NT 959831

Summary

A barometer, hygrometer and thermometer, by François-Justin Vulliamy (1712 - 1798) of 68 Pall Mall, London, in a tulipwood-veneered barometer case, by Thomas Chippendale (fl. 1766 - 1771 when operating without a business partner), for Sir Rowland Winn. Delivered to Nostell Priory in late 1769. The barometer comprising, at its centre, the main brass dial with mattered centre and silvered chapter ring with weather indications and a three-inch scale which is divided to 0.1in. The chapter ring framed by chased and pierced spandrels of foliated scrolls. The minimum, maximum and pointer hands of silvered brass and engraved and centred by a six-pointed star (probably once backed by a piece of silk, now lacking). The mechanism behind the dial of brass wheels and steel arbors. The glass tube with a bore of 0.5in and a bulb at the top, filled with mercury and ivory floats. The upper section of the case fitted with an 'oatbeard hygrometer'; the lower section with a thermometer. The case of softwood primarily veneered in tulipwood, the upper section topped by an anthemion and scroll-carved giltwood cresting atop a cornice. The hygrometer with an ebony line. The central section enclosing the main dial behind a hinged and glazed door, flanked to either side by a parcel-gilt Bacchic herm. The lower section, fitted with the thermometer, flanked by ebonized hardwood columns with parcel-gilt capitals and plinths. The whole with a giltwood apron of a shell, ox heads and swags of husks.

Full description

Delivery of this very fine quality barometer in its magnificent frame was delayed, and Sir Rowland was annoyed. An entry in accounts dated 24th June 1768 refers to 'a piece of strong mahogany with a hole in the Centre for the Barometer frame' probably indicates when work on the barometer case started, However, on 22nd October 1768, Chippendale was forced to write to Sir Rowland, saying 'I am extreamly sorry that you are so much displeased about the barometer frame and the other things.' This delay was owing to the death of the wife of Chippendale's foreman, followed by the death of his brother. As a result, Chippendale had 'lost above four hundred pounds by him upon the whole besides disobligeing my customers'. After something of a lull, Chippendale wrote on 4th October 1769, almost a year later, that 'Mr. Vullime says that the barometer is to stay in town but it is intirely finished'. The barometer was duly delivered and Chippendale billed for it on 20th October 1769, when it was listed as 'a very neat case for a barometer made of fine tulip and other woods and very rich carvd ornaments gilt in burnish gold and plate glass in the doors'. Alterations to 'the ornaments of the barometer frame and gilding in burnish gold' were billed for on 28 November 1770, and cost a further £1 3s 0d. Both the case - the only barometer which appears in surviving documents relating to Chippendale and his output - and the barometer and its mechanism, are of the very highest quality. Justin Vulliamy, from Switzerland, worked in partnership with clockmaker Benjamin Gray (1676 - 1764) from 1743. Gray had been made clockmaker to George II in 1742. A comparable barometer, in a carved mahogany case by an unknown maker, survives in the Royal Collection at Windsor Castle. Another is in the British Museum. (Entry adapted by Megan Wheeler, March 2018)

Provenance

Made for Sir Rowland Winn, 5th Baronet (1739 - 1785) and thence by descent, and accepted by HM Treasury in lieu of death duties on the estate of Rowland Winn, 4th Baron Oswald (1916 - 1984), 1986.

Makers and roles

Justin Vulliamy (1712 - 1797), clockmaker Thomas Chippendale (fl. 1766 - 1771 when operating without a business partner), cabinet maker

References

Goodison, 1992: Nicholas Goodison, English Barometers 1680 - 1860, pp. 262 - 268 Gilbert (1978): Christopher Gilbert, The Life & Work of Thomas Chippendale (1978), 2 volumes., Vol. I, pp. 169 - 171, 177 - 8, 187, 189 and 191; Vol. II, p. 20, Figure 34

View more details