Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,438 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,891 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,530 items Explore
  • 5,000 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 128 items Explore
  • 10,646 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,615 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 2,013 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,725 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,070 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,805 items Explore
  • 1,109 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,528 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,073 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,020 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 26,058 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,656 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,549 items Explore
  • 9,689 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,058 items Explore
  • 5,622 items Explore
  • 4,052 items Explore
  • 1,494 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,478 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,345 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,062 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 883 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,932 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,936 items Explore
  • 1,519 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,359 items Explore
  • 1,189 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 1 items
  • 22 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 841 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,398 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,386 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 33,306 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,307 items Explore
  • 279 items Explore
  • 8,043 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 711 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,568 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,783 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,337 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,050 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 164 items
  • 1 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 130 items
  • 294 items
  • 854 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,292 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,247 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 6,824 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,321 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,726 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,437 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,492 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,489 items Explore
  • 13,463 items Explore
  • 2,720 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,289 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,341 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,106 items Explore
  • 3,307 items Explore
  • 2,141 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 39,545 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,276 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 131 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,300 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,529 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 698 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,652 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 2 items
  • 83 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,149 items Explore
  • 39 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,395 items Explore
  • 22,535 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,375 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,596 items Explore
  • 3,565 items Explore
  • 2,624 items Explore
  • 4,752 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 45 items
  • 6,879 items Explore
  • 4,794 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 2,280 items Explore
  • 2,483 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,729 items Explore
  • 53 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,873 items Explore
  • 8,882 items Explore
  • 1,850 items Explore
  • 5,451 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,252 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,600 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,147 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,605 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,411 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,698 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,201 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,544 items Explore
  • 909 items Explore
  • 1,988 items
  • 5,981 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 12,759 items Explore
  • 1,385 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,572 items Explore
  • 16,142 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,679 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 8,281 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,339 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 439 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,374 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,205 items Explore
  • 7,291 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 2,695 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 4 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,485 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,594 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,194 items Explore
  • 2,225 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,148 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 246 items Explore
  • 71,153 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,831 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,296 items Explore
  • 300 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 16,909 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 332 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 108 items
  • 805 items
  • 32 items
  • 10,639 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,170 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 15,849 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 9 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,035 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Nostell Priory's Barometer and its 'very neat case': 1768 - 1770

Justin Vulliamy (1712 - 1797)

Category

Horology

Date

24 Jun 1768 (first referred to) - 28 Nov 1770 (date of bill for alterations)

Materials

Tulipwood, softwood, oak, limewood, ebonised hardwood, brass, steel, iron, mercury, ivory, glass, gilding, silvering

Measurements

130 x 42 x 12 cm

Place of origin

68 Pall Mall, London

Order this image

Collection

Nostell Priory, West Yorkshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

North Staircase, Nostell Priory, West Yorkshire, North, National Trust

NT 959831

Summary

A barometer, hygrometer and thermometer, by François-Justin Vulliamy (1712 - 1798) of 68 Pall Mall, London, in a tulipwood-veneered barometer case, by Thomas Chippendale (fl. 1766 - 1771 when operating without a business partner), for Sir Rowland Winn. Delivered to Nostell Priory in late 1769. The barometer comprising, at its centre, the main brass dial with mattered centre and silvered chapter ring with weather indications and a three-inch scale which is divided to 0.1in. The chapter ring framed by chased and pierced spandrels of foliated scrolls. The minimum, maximum and pointer hands of silvered brass and engraved and centred by a six-pointed star (probably once backed by a piece of silk, now lacking). The mechanism behind the dial of brass wheels and steel arbors. The glass tube with a bore of 0.5in and a bulb at the top, filled with mercury and ivory floats. The upper section of the case fitted with an 'oatbeard hygrometer'; the lower section with a thermometer. The case of softwood primarily veneered in tulipwood, the upper section topped by an anthemion and scroll-carved giltwood cresting atop a cornice. The hygrometer with an ebony line. The central section enclosing the main dial behind a hinged and glazed door, flanked to either side by a parcel-gilt Bacchic herm. The lower section, fitted with the thermometer, flanked by ebonized hardwood columns with parcel-gilt capitals and plinths. The whole with a giltwood apron of a shell, ox heads and swags of husks.

Full description

Delivery of this very fine quality barometer in its magnificent frame was delayed, and Sir Rowland was annoyed. An entry in accounts dated 24th June 1768 refers to 'a piece of strong mahogany with a hole in the Centre for the Barometer frame' probably indicates when work on the barometer case started, However, on 22nd October 1768, Chippendale was forced to write to Sir Rowland, saying 'I am extreamly sorry that you are so much displeased about the barometer frame and the other things.' This delay was owing to the death of the wife of Chippendale's foreman, followed by the death of his brother. As a result, Chippendale had 'lost above four hundred pounds by him upon the whole besides disobligeing my customers'. After something of a lull, Chippendale wrote on 4th October 1769, almost a year later, that 'Mr. Vullime says that the barometer is to stay in town but it is intirely finished'. The barometer was duly delivered and Chippendale billed for it on 20th October 1769, when it was listed as 'a very neat case for a barometer made of fine tulip and other woods and very rich carvd ornaments gilt in burnish gold and plate glass in the doors'. Alterations to 'the ornaments of the barometer frame and gilding in burnish gold' were billed for on 28 November 1770, and cost a further £1 3s 0d. Both the case - the only barometer which appears in surviving documents relating to Chippendale and his output - and the barometer and its mechanism, are of the very highest quality. Justin Vulliamy, from Switzerland, worked in partnership with clockmaker Benjamin Gray (1676 - 1764) from 1743. Gray had been made clockmaker to George II in 1742. A comparable barometer, in a carved mahogany case by an unknown maker, survives in the Royal Collection at Windsor Castle. Another is in the British Museum. (Entry adapted by Megan Wheeler, March 2018)

Provenance

Made for Sir Rowland Winn, 5th Baronet (1739 - 1785) and thence by descent, and accepted by HM Treasury in lieu of death duties on the estate of Rowland Winn, 4th Baron Oswald (1916 - 1984), 1986.

Makers and roles

Justin Vulliamy (1712 - 1797), clockmaker Thomas Chippendale (fl. 1766 - 1771 when operating without a business partner), cabinet maker

References

Goodison, 1992: Nicholas Goodison, English Barometers 1680 - 1860, pp. 262 - 268 Gilbert (1978): Christopher Gilbert, The Life & Work of Thomas Chippendale (1978), 2 volumes., Vol. I, pp. 169 - 171, 177 - 8, 187, 189 and 191; Vol. II, p. 20, Figure 34

View more details