Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 35 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,453 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 11,033 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,235 items Explore
  • 8,512 items Explore
  • 5,051 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 137 items Explore
  • 10,626 items Explore
  • 13,625 items Explore
  • 4,621 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 152 items Explore
  • 2,021 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,761 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,197 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,903 items Explore
  • 1,112 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 4,707 items Explore
  • 456 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 920 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,187 items Explore
  • 788 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 73 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 319 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 7 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 788 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 27,304 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,836 items Explore
  • 1,529 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,696 items Explore
  • 9,686 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 5,145 items Explore
  • 6,104 items Explore
  • 4,222 items Explore
  • 1,513 items Explore
  • 929 items Explore
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,424 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 354 items Explore
  • 797 items Explore
  • 1,131 items Explore
  • 510 items Explore
  • 917 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 125 items Explore
  • 6,953 items Explore
  • 170 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,923 items Explore
  • 1,567 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,438 items Explore
  • 1,217 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 1,484 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 40 items
  • 20 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 846 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,426 items
  • 2,525 items
  • 6 items
  • 3 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,390 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 34,052 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,295 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 8,069 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 724 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 21,673 items Explore
  • 916 items
  • 18 items
  • 22,104 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,328 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,293 items Explore
  • 174 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 281 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 128 items
  • 295 items
  • 736 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 369 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,395 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,036 items Explore
  • 10 items
  • 6,982 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 5,325 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,732 items Explore
  • 9,200 items Explore
  • 7,706 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 994 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 4,233 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,494 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 134 items
  • 4,273 items Explore
  • 13,492 items Explore
  • 3,081 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,312 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,319 items Explore
  • 131 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,160 items Explore
  • 3,316 items Explore
  • 2,144 items Explore
  • 44 items
  • 41,232 items Explore
  • 637 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,284 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 254 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,118 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,541 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 15 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 702 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 2,284 items Explore
  • 1,661 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,929 items Explore
  • 151 items
  • 84 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,243 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 17 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,646 items Explore
  • 22,881 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 13,058 items Explore
  • 3,570 items Explore
  • 2,646 items Explore
  • 4,773 items Explore
  • 22 items
  • 45 items
  • 1 items
  • 6,901 items Explore
  • 4,792 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 2,300 items Explore
  • 2,702 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,866 items Explore
  • 60 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 6,022 items Explore
  • 8,810 items Explore
  • 1,849 items Explore
  • 5,808 items Explore
  • 3,344 items Explore
  • 11,068 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 1,639 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 5 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,661 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 996 items
  • 3,604 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,406 items Explore
  • 48 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,701 items Explore
  • 1,165 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,563 items Explore
  • 1,006 items Explore
  • 1,926 items
  • 6,041 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,945 items Explore
  • 1,417 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 9,585 items Explore
  • 16,255 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,670 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,684 items Explore
  • 8,787 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 59 items
  • 3 items
  • 7,379 items Explore
  • 402 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 103 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 181 items Explore
  • 8,382 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 23,755 items Explore
  • 7,350 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 4,222 items Explore
  • 465 items
  • 326 items Explore
  • 12,686 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 315 items Explore
  • 438 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,697 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,228 items Explore
  • 2,494 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,148 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 71,469 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,065 items Explore
  • 2,845 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,622 items Explore
  • 1,831 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,168 items Explore
  • 5,504 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 633 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 465 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 335 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,175 items Explore
  • 109 items
  • 805 items
  • 17 items
  • 10,850 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,566 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 217 items
  • 16,809 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 10 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Portrait roundel of a classical male figure

studio of Giovanni da Maiano (c.1486–c.1542)

Category

Art / Sculpture

Date

c. 1520 - c. 1521

Materials

Terracotta

Measurements

890 mm (Diameter)

Place of origin

England

Order this image

Collection

Vyne Estate, Hampshire (Accredited Museum)

NT 719614

Caption

This striking terracotta roundel appears to have been produced in England by an Italian Renaissance artist working in the reign of Henry VIII (1491–1547). At first sight, the evident technical skill and dramatic stylisation would have amazed and impressed English audiences. The roundel may have been commissioned or acquired by Henry VIII’s Lord Chamberlain and trusted adviser, William Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys (c.1470– 1540) for his Tudor mansion known as The Vyne. It was probably produced by the studio of the Tuscan artist Giovanni da Maiano (c.1486–c.1542), who came to work in England around 1521. Along with Baron Sandys, he had a role in preparations for the production of celebratory buildings that were erected for the meeting between the French king François I and Henry VIII, known as the ‘Field of the Cloth of Gold’, in 1520. The bearded figure was once thought to be the Roman Emperor Probus (d.AD282), who may have introduced grapevines to Britain. However, the figure does not resemble known representations of Probus and is more likely to depict another Roman worthy. Giovanni da Maiano was also commissioned by Cardinal Wolsey to produce eight medallions of Roman heroes of a similar design for Hampton Court.

Summary

Terracotta, portrait roundel of a classical male figure, studio of Giovanni da Maiano (c.1486–c.1542), c. 1520-21. A terracotta roundel containing a bust in high relief of a classical male figure, previously catalogued as the Emperor Probus. The figure wears a laurel wreath, embroidered drapery and a richly modelled cuirass with bucranium, cornucopia, and foliate mascaron. The concave roundel with ribbon enrichment behind the figure's head. The bust framed with a circular convex frame, with egg and dart moulding, a central band of richly moulded relief ornament punctuated at quarterly intervals with rosettes, and terminating in a band of moulded broad acanthus. The relief ornament comprised of central reeding wrapped with ribbon and ancient Roman military armour, including a helmet, a cuirass, crossed greaves (leg armour) and manica (arm guards). A piece of the ornamented frame is broken off below the figure's proper left shoulder. The roundel is believed to have been commissioned or acquired by Henry VIII’s Lord Chamberlain and adviser, William Sandys, 1st Baron Sandys (1470-1540) for his Tudor mansion, The Vyne. It was probably produced by the studio of the Tuscan artist Giovanni da Maiano, who came to work in England around 1521. Maiano had worked on decorative schemes for The Field of the Cloth of Gold (1520), a royal summit between Henry VIII of England and Francois I of France which was co-organised by Sandys. Maiano was also commissioned by Cardinal Wolsey to produce eight terracotta medallions of Roman heroes of a similar design for Hampton Court in 1521. The subject of the Vyne roundel was once thought to be the Roman Emperor Probus, who is celebrated for introducing grape vines into Britain. However, the figure does not resemble known representations of Probus and is more likely to depict another Roman worthy. See also glazed roundel with allegorical figure (Royal Collection Trust RCIN 1999).

Provenance

Bequeathed with The Vyne, estate and contents by Sir Charles Chute, 1st Bt (1879-1956).

Makers and roles

studio of Giovanni da Maiano (c.1486–c.1542), sculptor

References

Gunn and Lindley 1991: S. J. Gunn and P. G. Lindley, Cardinal Wolsey, Church, State and Art, Cambridge 1991, P. Lindley, 'Playing check-mate with royal majesty? Wolsey's patronage of Italian Renaissance sculpture', pp. 261-85. Thurley 2003: Simon Thurley, Hampton Court: A Social and Architectural History, New Haven and London 2003 K. Hallett, K. Rawlinson, Z.. Roberts, The conservation of Giovanni da Maiano’s terracotta roundels at Hampton Court Palace (2005-12): A summary report, TECHNE, 36: Terres cuites de la Renaissance - Matière et couleur, Paris 2012, pp. 102-9. Rawlinson 2017: Kent Rawlinson, ‘Giovanni da Maiano: on the English career of a Florentine sculptor (c. 1520–42)’, Sculpture Journal, 26 (2017), 37-51.

View more details