Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,443 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,767 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,530 items Explore
  • 5,008 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 10,629 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,576 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 5 items
  • 146 items Explore
  • 2,066 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,704 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,048 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,867 items Explore
  • 1,108 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,608 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 18,918 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 148 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,407 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,502 items Explore
  • 1,523 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 154 items Explore
  • 9,176 items Explore
  • 9,676 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,053 items Explore
  • 5,639 items Explore
  • 4,055 items Explore
  • 1,216 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,327 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,076 items Explore
  • 512 items Explore
  • 1,101 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,962 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 1 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3,040 items Explore
  • 1,488 items Explore
  • 80 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,074 items Explore
  • 1,186 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 844 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 2,396 items
  • 2,534 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,384 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 31,821 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,312 items Explore
  • 238 items Explore
  • 7,943 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 713 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 158 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,496 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,535 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2,333 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 106 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 131 items
  • 293 items
  • 866 items
  • 725 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 274 items Explore
  • 10,747 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,267 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 6,039 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,315 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,724 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,163 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,487 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 696 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,476 items Explore
  • 13,461 items Explore
  • 2,738 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 9,297 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,342 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,051 items Explore
  • 3,308 items Explore
  • 2,114 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 37,783 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,268 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 108 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,615 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,532 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 217 items
  • 683 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,650 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,918 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 82 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,011 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,325 items Explore
  • 22,549 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1,368 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,286 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,633 items Explore
  • 4,753 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,886 items Explore
  • 4,026 items Explore
  • 439 items Explore
  • 2,280 items Explore
  • 2,448 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,555 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 42 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,870 items Explore
  • 8,882 items Explore
  • 1,855 items Explore
  • 4,694 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,003 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,583 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,162 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 150 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 88 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 461 items
  • 1 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,607 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,288 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,700 items Explore
  • 1,198 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,546 items Explore
  • 900 items Explore
  • 2,015 items
  • 5,974 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,727 items Explore
  • 1,386 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,570 items Explore
  • 16,048 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 59 items
  • 5,740 items Explore
  • 8,023 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,314 items Explore
  • 283 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 461 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,318 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,434 items Explore
  • 6,917 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,016 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 334 items Explore
  • 12,216 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 3 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 183 items
  • 3,615 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,195 items Explore
  • 2,204 items Explore
  • 731 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 1,088 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 70,079 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,639 items Explore
  • 2,835 items Explore
  • 30 items
  • 3,291 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,561 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 84 items
  • 29 items
  • 318 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,178 items Explore
  • 95 items
  • 815 items
  • 45 items
  • 9,482 items Explore
  • 26 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,170 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 265 items
  • 15,494 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 6 items
  • 380 items
  • 2 items
  • 621 items Explore
  • 1,643 items Explore
  • 1,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 157 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

The Adoration of the Magi

attributed to Hieronymus Bosch ('s-Hertogenbosch, Brabant c. 1450 - 's-Hertogenbosch 1516)

Category

Art / Oil paintings

Date

circa 1515

Materials

Oil on panel

Measurements

(39 ½ x 29 in) 1005 x 735 mm

Place of origin

Brabant (Belgium)

Order this image

Collection

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Petworth House and Park, West Sussex, London and South East, National Trust

NT 486154

Caption

This picture is a high-quality variant of the central panel of the triptych of the ‘Epiphany’ in the Museo del Prado, Madrid, of around 1495. Another version of the whole triptych is at Upton House (NT 446744). The main difference is that in the Prado altarpiece, the landscape is raised much higher above the stable, in keeping with the arching of the triptych, the landscape and the figures in it are also somewhat reduced, and the Christ Child holds his arms more passively. It seems probable that the Petworth picture was created as an object for private devotion, or cabinet, with the horizon level being brought down to a plausible level. The symbolism in the picture has been much debated, but in general terms, it might be interpreted as a prefiguration of the Mass, with a complex web of reference to Old Testament antetypes of the Epiphany, and of Christ as the Messiah and Redeemer.

Summary

Oil painting on panel, The Adoration of the Magi, attributed to Hieronymus Bosch ('s-Hertogenbosch, Brabant c.1450 - 's-Hertogenbosch 1516), circa 1515. Mary is seated at right wearing a long blue mantle and holding the naked Child. At her feet kneels Gaspar, in a rose cloak, his offering, a golden Sacrifice of Isaac, at her feet; by this is a helmet of silver and gold, with Adam and Eve and two pelicans with amethysts in their bills and one pearl between them. Beyond Gaspar, Melchior stands, three-quarters right, a gold patten with pearls in his left hand. He wears a short steel cape, or chasuble, with Solomon and the Queen of Sheba in the ornament and a sacrifical scene in the hem; at left, with an African page - whose robe hem shows the consumption of fish by strange monsters, whihc alludes to lust and orginal sin - stands Balthasar, the Moor King, three-quarters face, bare-headed, and with full and long sleeves from which white ribbons reach to the ground and on his shoulder an epaulette of thistle leaves. In his right hand is a silver orb (a casket of myrrh) and on it, in relief, a man kneeling to a King (David), and two soldiers - who gave water to him on the fulfillmet of his destiny as King of Israel; perched on it a parroquet with a red amethyst in its beak. Behind this group, Joseph, a Jewish priest or the Antichrist (as it has been variously suggested) stands bare chested, in the doorway of a barn wearing a green turban with thorns and a square glass vase containing a blue flower and a gold cloth veil, or hood, falling behind and with over his shoulders and arms a rose-red cloak; Inside the shed four heads are seen and above, in crevices, sheaves of corn and an owl with a large dead mouse. The ox and ass are within the barn near Mary. On the thatched roof, two shepherds, in contemporary Netherlandish dress, with a stone-spud and a pipe; a third climbing a tree, right; below him, three more, two peeping thrpugh a gap in the plaster. An imaginative great city, Bethlemen (Christ's birthplace), or, more likely, a reference to Jerusalem, in seen the distance, the golden star of the Epiphany in the zenith. This is a variant of the centre panel of the triptych of the Epiphany in the Prado, Madrid, which was dated by the Netherlandish painting expert, Max Friedländer to around 1495. The main difference is that in the Prado altarpiece the landscape is raised much higher above the stable, in keeping with the arching of the triptych, the landscape and the figures in it are also somewhat reduced, and the Christ Child holds his arms more passively. A number of copies exist, both of the complete altarpiece and of the centre panel alone, namely at Upton House (NT 447744).

Provenance

In the collection of the 3rd Earl of Egremont (1751-1837) by 1835. Thence by descent, until the death in 1952 of the 3rd Lord Leconfield, who had given Petworth to the National Trust in 1947, and whose nephew and heir, John Wyndham, 6th Lord Leconfield and 1st Lord Egremont (1920-72) arranged for the acceptance of the major portion of the collections at Petworth in lieu of death duties (the first ever such arrangement) in 1956 by HMTreasury.

Credit line

Petworth House, The Egremont Collection (acquired in lieu of tax by HM Treasury in 1956 and subsequently transferred to the National Trust)

Marks and inscriptions

Recto: in black, on strip of gilt wood at the bottom of the frame: 63. THE WISE MEN’S OFFERING HIERONYMUS BOSCH [his name on an added strip of wood]

Makers and roles

attributed to Hieronymus Bosch ('s-Hertogenbosch, Brabant c. 1450 - 's-Hertogenbosch 1516), artist previously catalogued as attributed to Albrecht Dürer (Nuremberg 1471 – Nuremberg 1528), artist

References

Remastered - Bosch to Bellotto: An Exhibition of Petworth's European Old Masters (exh cat) (Andrew Loukes) Petworth House, West Sussex, 9 January - 6 March 2016, cat. 3, p. 6-7 Ilsink, Koldewij, Spronk (eds) 2018: Matthijs Ilsink, Jos Koldeweij, Ron Spronk (eds), From Bosch's Stable: Hieronymus Bosch and the Adoration of the Magi (exh. cat.), WBOOKS/ Het Noordbrabants Museum, 's-Hertogenbosch, 2018., cat. 23, fig. 91, pp. 77-82.

View more details