Upper valance, outer (proper left). Part of a set of plain red woolcloth bed hangings heavily ornamented with silk-wrapped vellum passementerie on the upper outer valances and finials. The valance is of red woolcloth of plain weave, 22-23 ends/cm, 25-26 picks/cm, interlined with a coarse unbleached sized linen buckram, and partially lined with red twill-weave wool. The top and sides are trimmed with narrow silk fringing which also occurs in a double strip down the vertical centre. The lower edge is trimmed with a band of passementerie decorated with silk-wrapped vellum strips and silk tufts, then a deeper hanging fringe. At either end there are three straps of the same passementerie; on the head end, these are finished with an 'olive' button similarly decorated. The lower 29cm of the valance is backed with a red twill wool: its unturned selvedge at top is running-stitched in unbleached linen thread; at sides and lower edge it is taken round the buckram and under obverse wool. The fringes have red/cream/black perle headings and red silk hanging yarns. Stitched with yellow silk thread. The fringe at top & sides is 2cm deep, stitched 1.5cm in from edge, and the double column at centre is 4cm apart. 11cm deep fringe at lower edge. The passementerie is constructed from vellum strips wrapped with red, cream and black floss silk and tufts in the same colours over a ground of metal wire lace on linen backing, The lower band is 9cm deep while the straps are 7.5-8cm deep, varying between 23-26cm in length. The button 'olives' are constructed over a wood mould 9cm high, covered with floss silk and netting and decorated with wrapped vellum motifs and tufts.
Apollo Magazine, March 1974, Peter Thornton, French Bedds, Apollo March 1974, pp 182-187 Country Life, 8th February 1990, John Cornforth, Cotehele, Cornwall II, A Property of the National Trust, pp 68-71