Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 92 items
  • 3,443 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,767 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,530 items Explore
  • 4,996 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 10,629 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,583 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 5 items
  • 146 items Explore
  • 2,066 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,703 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,054 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,867 items Explore
  • 1,108 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,608 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 18,970 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 798 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 148 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,022 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 6 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,502 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,585 items Explore
  • 1,523 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 157 items Explore
  • 9,199 items Explore
  • 9,674 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 2 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,056 items Explore
  • 5,638 items Explore
  • 4,052 items Explore
  • 1,218 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,478 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,330 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,054 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 1,101 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,962 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 1 items
  • 311 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 3,040 items Explore
  • 1,489 items Explore
  • 80 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,119 items Explore
  • 1,186 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 145 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 23 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 844 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 304 items Explore
  • 2,396 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,381 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 31,973 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,312 items Explore
  • 271 items Explore
  • 7,942 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 713 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 158 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,558 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,583 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 2,335 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,051 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 107 items
  • 2 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 131 items
  • 292 items
  • 852 items
  • 726 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,158 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,266 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 6,158 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,317 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,725 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,216 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,487 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,481 items Explore
  • 13,461 items Explore
  • 2,720 items Explore
  • 8 items
  • 9,299 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,342 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 3,309 items Explore
  • 2,129 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 38,062 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,270 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 123 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,614 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,531 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 687 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 42 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,651 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 83 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,070 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,338 items Explore
  • 22,549 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1,374 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,355 items Explore
  • 3,571 items Explore
  • 2,633 items Explore
  • 4,753 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,886 items Explore
  • 4,025 items Explore
  • 438 items Explore
  • 2,280 items Explore
  • 2,448 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,677 items Explore
  • 43 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,880 items Explore
  • 8,881 items Explore
  • 1,853 items Explore
  • 4,994 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,022 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,584 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,162 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 88 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 1 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,607 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,400 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 11 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,700 items Explore
  • 1,200 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,546 items Explore
  • 900 items Explore
  • 2,015 items
  • 5,979 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 12,744 items Explore
  • 1,387 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,569 items Explore
  • 16,057 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,681 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 57 items
  • 5,740 items Explore
  • 8,022 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,320 items Explore
  • 283 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,321 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,452 items Explore
  • 7,003 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 2 items
  • 1,721 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 334 items Explore
  • 12,228 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,615 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,195 items Explore
  • 2,225 items Explore
  • 731 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 1,088 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 251 items Explore
  • 70,223 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2,640 items Explore
  • 2,835 items Explore
  • 30 items
  • 3,291 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 17,534 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 84 items
  • 29 items
  • 318 items
  • 3 items
  • 42 items
  • 1,178 items Explore
  • 95 items
  • 815 items
  • 44 items
  • 9,677 items Explore
  • 26 items
  • 17 items
  • 1,167 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 15,499 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 6 items
  • 380 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,643 items Explore
  • 1,032 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 157 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

June and July

probably Mortlake Tapestry Manufactory

Category

Tapestries

Date

circa 1660 - circa 1680

Materials

Tapestry, wool and silk, 6 warps per cm

Measurements

3.8 m (W)

Place of origin

London

Order this image

Collection

Clandon Park, Surrey

On show at

Not on show

NT 1441619.5

Summary

Tapestry, wool and silk, 6 warps per cm, June and July from a set of five Months, English, probably Mortlake, c. 1660-1680. The main field of the tapestry is divided into two scenes, with a narrow column wrapped in ivy leaves between them. On the left, representing the month of June, is a scene with peasants sitting in a landscape shearing sheep, and in the background wooden houses and a shepherd approaching driving a flock. On the right a haymaking scene represents the month of July, with a group of peasants pausing among the cut hay to eat a meal of bread and cheese in the foreground, figures raking in the grass in the landscape beyond, and small houses and a windmill in the distance. There are borders at the top and bottom with swags of fruit and leaves tied with red ribbons on a light blue ground, and at the upper centre there is a cartouche inscribed with the words ‘IU[N]E / IU[L]Y’. At the sides unrelated borders have been applied, with a design of large scrolling acanthus leaves around bunches of flowers, and putti at the upper corners, on a brown ground. The tapestry has been cut down the centre and then re-joined, losing two letters from the inscription..

Full description

The five tapestries of the 'Months' at Clandon are part of a larger series representing the twelve months of the year according to the typical countryside activities of each. Representations of the labours of the months have their origin in early Christian calendars where they were associated with the signs of the zodiac and signified the passing of celestial and terrestrial time until the Second Coming and the Last Judgement (Webster, 1938). The iconography of the months, focussing on the agricultural activities associated with them, was developed in the illustrations to medieval books of hours. During the fourteenth century these scenes were often expanded into representations of daily life, the best-known example the 'Très-Riches Heures' begun in 1411-13 by the Limbourg brothers for Jean, Duc de Berry. Although the iconography was never fixed certain activities came to be associated with each month, for example haymaking in July, hawking in May and pig-killing in December, all seen in the Clandon set. The subject of the labours of the months was very popular in tapestry design from the early sixteenth century. A number of important series were designed between c. 1520 and 1540, including the so-called 'Medallion Months', the 'Months of Lucas', that were in the French Royal Collection and were repeatedly copied during the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries, and the famous 'Hunts of Maximilian', which were also copied at the Gobelins and elsewhere in the seventeenth and eighteenth centuries (there is a Flemish seventeenth-century variant in the National Trust's collection at Upton House, no. 446875). The Clandon tapestry designs are based on a now lost early sixteenth-century series that was copied at Mortlake in the early seventeenth century, possibly from a set in the collection of Henry VIII, and woven for Charles I in the early 1620s. A complete set of six (each tapestry including two months) made at Mortlake for Dr. John Williams, Bishop of London in the early 1620s is in the collection of the City of Genoa (Hefford 2006) and a partial set with the arms of Charles as Prince of Wales is in the Royal Collection with three panels on display at Kensington Palace. The designs, sometimes referred to as the 'Seasons' as well as the 'Months', became one of the staples of the Mortlake workshop, and continued to be woven after the Restoration of 1660. The Clandon tapestries belong to this later period. The activities in the original Mortlake series of 'Months' (and the now-lost sixteenth-century series it was based on) are as follows: January – a meal by the fire-side February – grafting fruit trees March – pruning vines and digging a vegetable garden April – milking May – falconry June – sheep-shearing July – haymaking August – the harvest September – sowing seeds October – the vintage November – threshing December – pig-killing The scenes that survive at Clandon are as follows: April – milking May – falconry June – sheep-shearing July – haymaking (June and July combined in one scene) August – the vintage (the scene originally used for October) December – pig killing The designs at Clandon follow those of the original Mortlake series with some modifications, indicating that at some point the cartoons have been redrawn. The scene of the vintage has been transferred from the month of October to August. The borders at Clandon are also a simplified version of those used on the Mortlake weavings on the 1620s and ‘30s. They are composed of swags of fruit and leaves with putti on a light blue ground with roundels containing gods and goddesses at the corners, roundels with Caesars’ heads at the centre of each side, and small cartouches inscribed with the name of each month at the top. The tapestries at Clandon were woven either at Mortlake or by the Yeoman Arrasworker Francis Poyntz, between c. 1660 and 1680. It is known that both workshops were producing sets of ‘Months’ in this period. In the 1670s a set woven with gold thread was made for the Queen's Bedchamber at Ham House by Poyntz, who also supplied sets of 'Months' with gold thread to Charles II (see Wyld 2013 a). Another set of ‘Months’ after modified versions of the designs seen at Clandon is in the National Trust’s collection at Ham House (nos. 1140555, 1140105). This set was probably woven by Stephen de May, an ex-Mortlake weaver who set up his own workshop at the end of the seventeenth century. There is also a single tapestry of ‘May’, again probably English, in storage at Lanhydrock (no. 885701). Although they fit exactly into the spaces between windows in the Saloon at Clandon, there is clear evidence that the ‘Months’ have been significantly altered to fill these spaces. ‘April’ and May’ originally formed a single piece and have been separated; ‘August’ and December’ appear to have had their borders removed and may have been made narrower, and the side borders on ‘June and July’ come from an unrelated tapestry. (Helen Wyld, 2013)

Provenance

Purchased by the Ministry of Public Building and Works in 1963 from the 6th Earl, transferred to the National Trust in 1977

Marks and inscriptions

In cartouche at centre of upper border: IU[N]E / IU[L]Y

Makers and roles

probably Mortlake Tapestry Manufactory , workshop possibly Francis Poyntz (fl. 1660 - d. 1684), workshop

References

Wyld, 2013 a: Helen Wyld, 'Seventeenth-century Tapestries at Ham House', in Christopher Rowell (ed.), Ham House: 400 Years of Collecting and Patronage, New Haven and London 2013, pp. 178-93 Hefford, 2006: Wendy Hefford, 'I Mesi di Mortlake, un serie di arazzi inglesi a Genova', in P Boccardo and C Di Fabio (eds.), Genova e l'Europa atlantica: opere, artisti, committenti, collezionisti, Milan 2006, pp. 167-181 Webster, 1938: J. C. Webster, The Labours of the Months in Antique and Medieval Art to the End of the Twelfth Century, Princeton 1938

View more details