Show me:
and
Clear all filters

  • 25 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 25 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 89 items
  • 3,438 items Explore
  • 92 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 42 items
  • 10,893 items Explore
  • 209 items Explore
  • 1,212 items Explore
  • 8,529 items Explore
  • 5,000 items Explore
  • 72 items Explore
  • 124 items Explore
  • 10,646 items Explore
  • 13,052 items Explore
  • 4,615 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 5 items
  • 146 items Explore
  • 2,013 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 4,725 items Explore
  • 24 items Explore
  • 440 items Explore
  • 19,070 items Explore
  • 34 items Explore
  • 1,874 items Explore
  • 1,109 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 5,529 items Explore
  • 455 items Explore
  • 29 items
  • 946 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 8 items
  • 19,050 items Explore
  • 787 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 74 items Explore
  • 33 items
  • 800 items
  • 25 items
  • 61 items
  • 28 items
  • 303 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 44 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 2 items
  • 145 items
  • 2 items
  • 2 items
  • 121 items Explore
  • 119 items
  • 1,021 items Explore
  • 811 items
  • 95 items
  • 27 items
  • 7 items
  • 1 items
  • 25,710 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,668 items Explore
  • 1,528 items Explore
  • 403 items
  • 158 items Explore
  • 9,525 items Explore
  • 9,687 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1 items
  • 39 items
  • 3 items
  • 4 items
  • 6,061 items Explore
  • 5,613 items Explore
  • 4,049 items Explore
  • 1,484 items Explore
  • 927 items Explore
  • 3,479 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 312 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,326 items Explore
  • 20 items Explore
  • 336 items Explore
  • 789 items Explore
  • 1,061 items Explore
  • 511 items Explore
  • 885 items Explore
  • 1,138 items
  • 89 items
  • 126 items Explore
  • 6,968 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 310 items
  • 7 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 27 items
  • 61 items
  • 300 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,935 items Explore
  • 1,521 items Explore
  • 82 items
  • 43 items
  • 19,338 items Explore
  • 1,189 items Explore
  • 138 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 32 items
  • 1 items
  • 132 items Explore
  • 24 items
  • 1 items
  • 22 items
  • 252 items
  • 314 items
  • 839 items Explore
  • 1,897 items
  • 350 items Explore
  • 2,398 items
  • 2,533 items
  • 6 items
  • 2 items
  • 3 items
  • 4,384 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 33,099 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,304 items Explore
  • 279 items Explore
  • 8,046 items Explore
  • 31 items
  • 25 items
  • 716 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 65 items
  • 161 items
  • 52 items
  • 20,522 items Explore
  • 907 items
  • 18 items
  • 21,732 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 2,337 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1,050 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 59 items
  • 499 items
  • 3,288 items Explore
  • 169 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 21 items
  • 90 items Explore
  • 76 items
  • 289 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 6 items
  • 130 items
  • 294 items
  • 852 items
  • 878 items
  • 1 items
  • 368 items Explore
  • 273 items Explore
  • 11,291 items Explore
  • 760 items Explore
  • 6,247 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 6,423 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1 items
  • 5,319 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 3,726 items Explore
  • 9,178 items Explore
  • 7,380 items Explore
  • 201 items
  • 19 items
  • 142 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,000 items Explore
  • 18 items
  • 4,154 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 4 items
  • 1,096 items Explore
  • 224 items
  • 1 items
  • 3,493 items Explore
  • 20 items
  • 695 items Explore
  • 19 items
  • 134 items
  • 3,486 items Explore
  • 13,463 items Explore
  • 2,720 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 9,290 items Explore
  • 37 items
  • 2 items
  • 21,341 items Explore
  • 91 items
  • 38 items
  • 13,106 items Explore
  • 3,307 items Explore
  • 2,141 items Explore
  • 163 items
  • 39,202 items Explore
  • 635 items Explore
  • 415 items
  • 23,278 items Explore
  • 218 items
  • 1 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 20 items
  • 30 items
  • 131 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 217 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 13,506 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 10,261 items
  • 9 items
  • 10 items
  • 14 items
  • 25 items
  • 4,530 items Explore
  • 918 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 220 items
  • 697 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,281 items Explore
  • 1,652 items Explore
  • 15 items
  • 1,919 items Explore
  • 146 items
  • 2 items
  • 83 items
  • 772 items Explore
  • 3,149 items Explore
  • 38 items
  • 22 items
  • 12 items
  • 10,320 items Explore
  • 22,519 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 1 items
  • 1 items
  • 7 items
  • 1,375 items
  • 180 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 8 items
  • 92 items
  • 10,600 items Explore
  • 3,565 items Explore
  • 2,624 items Explore
  • 4,752 items Explore
  • 23 items
  • 59 items
  • 6,880 items Explore
  • 4,516 items Explore
  • 437 items Explore
  • 2,279 items Explore
  • 2,453 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,756 items Explore
  • 53 items
  • 223 items Explore
  • 448 items Explore
  • 5,872 items Explore
  • 8,880 items Explore
  • 1,850 items Explore
  • 5,464 items Explore
  • 3,336 items Explore
  • 10,250 items Explore
  • 86 items
  • 11 items
  • 2,600 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 24 items
  • 51 items
  • 3 items
  • 1 items
  • 2,164 items Explore
  • 620 items Explore
  • 62 items
  • 17 items
  • 151 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 87 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 464 items
  • 997 items
  • 3,605 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,403 items Explore
  • 47 items Explore
  • 6 items
  • 42 items
  • 3 items
  • 13,698 items Explore
  • 3 items
  • 1,201 items Explore
  • 92 items
  • 10,543 items Explore
  • 900 items Explore
  • 2,015 items
  • 5,981 items Explore
  • 21 items
  • 2 items
  • 12,759 items Explore
  • 1,387 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 9,574 items Explore
  • 16,135 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 1,679 items Explore
  • 175 items
  • 58 items
  • 5,734 items Explore
  • 8,206 items Explore
  • 48 items
  • 25 items
  • 2 items
  • 59 items
  • 7,340 items Explore
  • 439 items Explore
  • 13 items
  • 4 items
  • 6 items
  • 4 items
  • 104 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 5 items
  • 480 items
  • 183 items Explore
  • 8,337 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 22,971 items Explore
  • 7,277 items Explore
  • 5 items
  • 26 items
  • 2,652 items Explore
  • 339 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 12,448 items Explore
  • 55 items
  • 20 items
  • 7 items
  • 4 items
  • 325 items Explore
  • 451 items
  • 184 items
  • 3,530 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 1,160 items Explore
  • 2,225 items Explore
  • 732 items Explore
  • 36 items
  • 1,148 items Explore
  • 97 items Explore
  • 42 items
  • 246 items Explore
  • 70,860 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 3,064 items Explore
  • 2,830 items Explore
  • 28 items
  • 3,292 items Explore
  • 213 items Explore
  • 4 items
  • 16,886 items Explore
  • 5,547 items Explore
  • 7 items
  • 628 items Explore
  • 85 items
  • 468 items
  • 39 items
  • 76 items
  • 29 items
  • 318 items
  • 3 items
  • 41 items
  • 1,176 items Explore
  • 102 items
  • 805 items
  • 32 items
  • 10,481 items Explore
  • 27 items
  • 13 items
  • 1,170 items Explore
  • 1 items
  • 266 items
  • 15,849 items Explore
  • 78 items
  • 17 items
  • 1 items
  • 8 items
  • 6 items
  • 324 items
  • 2 items
  • 626 items Explore
  • 1,594 items Explore
  • 1,034 items Explore
  • 2 items
  • 261 items

Select a time period

Or choose a specific year

Clear all filters

Open armchair

attributed to Thomas Roberts

Category

Furniture

Date

circa 1697 - 1702

Materials

Carved walnut, original velvet and metal-thread upholstery

Measurements

137 x 96 cm

Place of origin

'The Royal Chair', Marylebone Street, Westminster, London, England

Order this image

Collection

Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Long Gallery, Hardwick Hall, Derbyshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 1127755.1

Summary

One open armchair, of a pair of carved walnut and upholstered high-backed open armchairs, London, c. 1697 - 1702, attributed to Thomas Roberts (fl. 1684 - 1714), ensuite with five stools [NT 1127754.1 - 5]. Another example, believed to be a copy made by the 6th Duke of Devonshire (1790 - 1858) - is NT 1127485. Having a rectangular padded back topped by a pointed arch in a moulded surround enriched with foliated scrolls and projecting at the top corners in bold volutes, flanking pierced foliate scrolls, and issuing diminishing pendants of husks, the moulded arms with scroll terminals and raised on broadening square-section fluted supports on gadrooned square blocks, the moulded seat rails carved at the corners and centres with sprays of foliated scrolls and raised on turned rear supports, the tapering front legs opposing the arm supports above, all united by a curving 'X'-form stretcher centred by a turned spire finial, and on four bun feet. The back panel and seat upholstered in original red velvet, embellished with a central band of scrolling foliage in appliqued metal thread. These extraordinary chairs are attributed to Thomas Roberts, Royal Chairmaker between 1686 and 1713, who supplied the great majority of seat furniture, bed frames and other miscellaneous items to the Royal Palaces in the reigns of James II, William & Mary, William III and Queen Anne. He worked from a premises known as 'The Royal Chair' in Marylebone Street, Westminster until his death in 1714. Influenced by French fashions, they represent a new departure, having removable seats and backs and a new 'cross-frame', or 'cross-stretcher' uniting the legs. The latter design was known in France, and in Holland from the late 1680s, but the 'cross frame' is first referred to in England in a bill of Roberts of 1694, for a chair supplied to Whitehall Palace and described as 'one elbow chair carved rich made of a new fashion with a cross frame and false back and seat with a handsome rail carved on top of the back...Japanned black'. This pair of chairs at Hardwick Hall, although undocumented, are the earliest known chairs resembling the description in Roberts' bill of 1694, and may have been supplied for the Duke of Devonshire c. 1697, possibly to accompany the state bed made for Chatsworth by Francis Lapierre. Their upholstery - which is original - certainly complements the red and silver silk which covers the surviving fragments of the bed. The attribution is not certain, however, and it is possible that they relate to a bill for other seat furniture supplied by Roberts in 1702. The decoration on the moulded back and seat rails - reserves of shallow foliate carving separated by lengths of plain moulding - is to be found on other seat furniture thought to have been supplied by Roberts [see, for instance, NT 1127752]. In addition, the distinctive splay to the back is described in another of Roberts's bills of 1696, 'for a large handsome chair of State the back made to spread out and the Elbowes to turn on the corner' supplied to one of the Royal Palaces. It has even been suggested, in an alternative account of their early provenance, that the similarity of the Hardwick chairs to this description could mean that they were originally supplied to a Royal Palace, and acquired by the Duke of Devonshire at a later date as perquisites. They are also notable in the design of the legs, which are conceived as square pillars, inversely tapered and stop-fluted, with spreading gadrooned capitals, a fashion which was probably adopted in England only shortly before these chairs were made.

Provenance

Believed to have been supplied by Thomas Roberts circa 1697, to accompany the State Bed made for Chatsworth by Francois Lapierre, or possibly relating to a bill of Roberts of 1702. An alternative view is that they were made for a Royal Palace, and acquired by the Duke of Devonshire as a later perquisite. Either way, the chairs were brought to Hardwick Hall from Chatsworth by the 6th Duke of Devonshire circa 1820, and originally placed in the High Great Chamber. They are shown beneath Lapierre's canopy in the Long Gallery in a Country Life photograph of 1928 [Image Number 505936]. Thence by descent until, following the death of Edward William Spencer Cavendish, 10th Duke of Devonshire (1895 - 1950), Hardwick Hall and its contents were accepted by HM Treasury in part payment of death duties and transferred to the National Trust, in 1959.

Makers and roles

attributed to Thomas Roberts, joiner

References

Bowett 2000: Adam Bowett, 'The English "cross-frame" chair, 1694-1715', The Burlington Magazine 142/1167 (June 2000): 344-352 Edwards, Ralph, 1894-1977 shorter dictionary of English furniture : 1964., illustrated p. 130, Figure 55 Bowett 2002 Adam Bowett, English Furniture 1660-1714, 2002 , discussed pp. 242 - 243

View more details