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The Kedleston Saloon Settees

John Linnell (London 1729 - 1796)

Category

Furniture

Date

circa 1788

Materials

Later painted and gilt beech, textile, cane

Measurements

93 x 121 x 41 cm

Place of origin

England

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Collection

Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire (Accredited Museum)

On show at

Kedleston Hall, Derbyshire, Midlands, National Trust

NT 108598.12

Summary

A settee from a set of twenty four pieces of painted, parcel gilt beech and cane seat furniture, comprising of sixteen open armchairs and eight settees, made and supplied by John Linnell (London 1729-1796) and probably designed by Robert Adam (London 1728–1792). The set was commissioned for the Saloon at Kedleston by Nathaniel Curzon, 1st Baron Scarsdale circa 1788.Each armchair with an oval padded back and beaded moulded frame with down swept fluted arms and padded elbow rests, the cane seat with fluted rail raised on leaf carved and fluted turned legs, loose seat cushion. The sofas of conforming design but are slightly curved so as to stand on the wall of the circular Saloon and they have triple cane panel backs.Fifteen of the sixteen chairs and all eight of the settees have been re-painted, one chair is left in original condition, the upholstery has been replaced on all the chairs and settees.

Full description

See: Hayward, Helena & Kirkham, Pat ' William and John Linnell, eighteenth century London furniture makers' for further discussion and extensive research on the Kedleston furniture from the Linnell workshops.The sixteen oval back armchairs and the eight settees all with cane seats were supplied for the Saloon. This was the last state room to undergo alterations and although originally Lord Scarsdale's sculpture was to stand on pedestals in the niches Adam redesigned using cast iron vases to disguise central heating and the chairs and settees with gently concave seat rails were provided to stand against the walls.James Weedon (May 2018).

Provenance

Commissioned by Nathaniel Curzon 1st Baron Scarsdale, made by John Linnell and probably designed by Robert Adam. Curzon Collection acquired by gift as part of the transfer of Kedleston Hall to The National Trust in 1986.

Makers and roles

John Linnell (London 1729 - 1796), cabinet maker Robert Adam (Kirkcaldy 1728 - London 1792), architect

References

Hayward and Kirkham, 1980: Helena Hayward and Pat Kirkham. William and John Linnell, eighteenth century London furniture makers. London: Studio Vista in association with Christie’s, 1980. Dictionary of British and Irish furniture makers online (1660-1840) FHS 2017

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