These terms are used throughout the exhibition Chippendale Revealed and reflect techniques and materials used in 18th-century furniture-making.
A chair without arms; essentially a stool with the rear legs extended upwards to form a back.
An applied foot extending a short distance away from the corner of the base of a chest of drawers, cabinet or other piece of furniture, generally curved at the free ends and with a mitre at the junction.
A leg in the general shape of an ‘S’, with a pronounced knee, waisted ankle and pronounced foot.
Furniture made with a carcase or case, such as cabinets or presses, which form a compartment - either behind doors or in drawers - for storage.
Small ‘wheels’ attached to the feet of furniture. Early castors were made of leather or wood; later castors were made of brass.
A chamfer is created by shaving away the corner of a right-angled joint, forming a transitional edge between two faces of an object. A form of bevel, it is created at a 45° angle to two adjoining right-angled faces.
A small convex or half-round projecting moulding, typically used round the edges of drawers; sometime applied to friezes to simulate drawers.
The uppermost moulding at the top of a piece of furniture; a finishing moulding.
A decorative band of veneer normally applied at the edge of a veneered surface, forming a border, the grain normally running in the opposite direction to the grain of the veneer it abuts.
A form of joint. Used to join two pieces of timber by cutting their edges with reversed wedge-shape projections which fit into one another.
The boards from which a drawer is formed.
Pieces of wood attached to the bottom of the front and both edges of the underside of the drawer and upon which the drawer ‘slides’ or runs.
A piece of timber either glued to the back of a drawer to prevent it being pushed too far into the carcase when closed or a piece of timber glued and pinned near to the front of the dustboard serving the same purpose.
A thin board, generally of softwood, fixed to the rails forming the horizontal partitions between the drawers of a chest.
An applied – usually metal – decorative plate surrounding a keyhole.
Used to describe drawers of different depths, usually getting deeper the lower down a chest they are placed.
Cloth woven from horse hair.
European decoration in imitation of Oriental lacquer.
Normally the piece of decorative 'show' timber applied in front of a softwood or oak furniture part, typically to a dustboard.
The curves worked along the length of a projecting or receding feature of a piece of furniture, in order to produce light and shade. Also moulded lengths of wood applied to furniture for the same purpose. Also intended to hide or conceal dovetails etc.
A decorative feature above the cornice of a cabinet of other piece of furniture, often forming a triangle, though sometimes broken, or scroll-ended.
The pieces of timber which form the seat of a chair, and to which the legs and arm supports (if present) are attached.
The end of a piece of wood shaped to fit into a corresponding cavity in another piece of wood; a type of joint.
A metal, key-shaped liner inserted into a keyhole and sitting either flush, or slightly overlapping, the drawer front.
A term used in the 18th century, and before, to describe high-grade oak boards, often imported into England.